Formula One

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Related to F1 World Championship: Formula 1, Formula One World Championship

Formula One

(F1), type of racecar used in Grand Prix automobile racingautomobile racing,
sport in which specially designed or modified automobiles race on any of various courses. Automobile racing originated in France in 1894 and appeared in the United States the following year. It is now one of the most popular spectator sports in the world.
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. Capable of speeds exceeding 230 mph (370 kph), the technologically sophisticated F1 cars are low-slung, open-wheeled, single-seat vehicles with powerful mid-engines, air foils, electronic aids, special suspensions, and large tires. They are usually smaller and more maneuverable than similar "Indy-type" racecars. Grand Prix races are usually held on special closed-circuit racetracks, although some (e.g., Monaco Grand Prix) take place on closed streets in and around cities. The design of the F1 cars and rules of F1 racing are under the control of the Paris-based Fédération International de l'Automobile (FIA). The first Grand Prix auto race was held in France in 1906, but it was not until after World War II that F1 racing was born; it soon became one of the world's most popular—and most expensive—sports.

Today's Grand Prix races feature national teams and a standard racing circuit. F1 racecars are usually made by major automobile manufacturers called constructors—Ferrari, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz (Daimler), Renault, Toyota, and others—and are maintained by full-time teams. The teams are usually sponsored by large corporations, often in cooperation with an automobile company; some are sponsored solely by car companies. F1 racing was traditionally centered in Europe, but F1 Grand Prix races are now held worldwide. Since 1950 the FIA has declared an annual F1 world champion constructor and driver. Among the best-known drivers are Argentina's Juan Fangio (1950s), Britain's Jackie StewartStewart, Jackie
(John Young Stewart), 1939–, Scottish automobile race driver. He began racing in 1961 and by 1973 had won 27 world championship Grand Prix victories. A dominant force in the sport, he won three world formula one championships before retiring in late 1973.
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 (1960s–70s), America's Mario AndrettiAndretti, Mario
, 1940–, American auto racing driver, b. Italy. He is the only driver to have won the Indianapolis 500 (1969), stock racing's Daytona 500 (1967), and the international Formula One championship (1978).
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 (1978), Austria's Niki Lauda (1970s–80s), France's Alain Prost (1980s–90s), and Germany's Michael SchumacherSchumacher, Michael
, 1969–, German auto race driver, b. Hürth-Hermühlheim. Regarded as the best Formula 1 (F1) driver of his era, he debuted as a racecar driver in 1988 and within two years had become Germany's Formula Three champion.
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 (1990s–2000s).

Bibliography

See S. Arron and M. Hughes, The Complete Book of Formula One (2003); P. G. Wright, Formula 1 Technology (2003); B. Jones Complete Encyclopedia of Formula One (2004); D. Tremayne, The Science of Formula 1 Design (2004).

References in periodicals archive ?
DAVID COULTHARD is upbeat about Red Bull's chances of becoming the third force in the F1 World Championship.
They will be part of an eclectic line-up of concerts to mark the 60th anniversary of the F1 World Championship and will feature a number of Arabic and international artists.
Abu Dhabi: F1 Team Abu Dhabi's Thani Al Qamzi and Rashid Al Tayer head to the Algarve coast in Portugal this week to prepare for the opening two rounds of the 2009 UIM F1 World Championship on the Arade River on Saturday and Sunday.
The track hosted the inaugural F1 world championship race in 1950 and has been the British Grand Prix's permanent home since 1987.
On May 31, 1965, Clark won the famous Indy 500 race before taking the F1 World Championship in July, becoming the first driver to achieve both feats in the same year.
Which racing driver was runner-up in the F1 World Championship 1955-58?
It will be the first time an extra point will have been awarded for a fastest lap since the first decade of the F1 World Championship between 1950-59, when it was used regularly.
The 2019 FIA F1 World Championship then gets underway in Australia on March 17, paving the way for the Bahrain Grand Prix, which will be the second of 21 rounds in the new season.
Considered as one of the greatest Formula One drivers, he won the F1 World Championship titles with Renault in 2005 and 2006.
The Mercedes driver is in the frame to take home the title followinghis fifth F1 world championship wintwo weeks ago.
Lewis Hamilton won his fourth F1 world championship. The New England Patriots rode the legend of Tom Brady to beat the Atlanta Falcons, 34-28, in overtime, overcoming a 25-point halftime deficit.