Formula One

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Formula One

(F1), type of racecar used in Grand Prix automobile racingautomobile racing,
sport in which specially designed or modified automobiles race on any of various courses. Automobile racing originated in France in 1894 and appeared in the United States the following year. It is now one of the most popular spectator sports in the world.
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. Capable of speeds exceeding 230 mph (370 kph), the technologically sophisticated F1 cars are low-slung, open-wheeled, single-seat vehicles with powerful mid-engines, air foils, electronic aids, special suspensions, and large tires. They are usually smaller and more maneuverable than similar "Indy-type" racecars. Grand Prix races are usually held on special closed-circuit racetracks, although some (e.g., Monaco Grand Prix) take place on closed streets in and around cities. The design of the F1 cars and rules of F1 racing are under the control of the Paris-based Fédération International de l'Automobile (FIA). The first Grand Prix auto race was held in France in 1906, but it was not until after World War II that F1 racing was born; it soon became one of the world's most popular—and most expensive—sports.

Today's Grand Prix races feature national teams and a standard racing circuit. F1 racecars are usually made by major automobile manufacturers called constructors—Ferrari, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz (Daimler), Renault, Toyota, and others—and are maintained by full-time teams. The teams are usually sponsored by large corporations, often in cooperation with an automobile company; some are sponsored solely by car companies. F1 racing was traditionally centered in Europe, but F1 Grand Prix races are now held worldwide. Since 1950 the FIA has declared an annual F1 world champion constructor and driver. Among the best-known drivers are Argentina's Juan Fangio (1950s), Britain's Jackie StewartStewart, Jackie
(John Young Stewart), 1939–, Scottish automobile race driver. He began racing in 1961 and by 1973 had won 27 world championship Grand Prix victories. A dominant force in the sport, he won three world formula one championships before retiring in late 1973.
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 (1960s–70s), America's Mario AndrettiAndretti, Mario
, 1940–, American auto racing driver, b. Italy. He is the only driver to have won the Indianapolis 500 (1969), stock racing's Daytona 500 (1967), and the international Formula One championship (1978).
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 (1978), Austria's Niki Lauda (1970s–80s), France's Alain Prost (1980s–90s), and Germany's Michael SchumacherSchumacher, Michael
, 1969–, German auto race driver, b. Hürth-Hermühlheim. Regarded as the best Formula 1 (F1) driver of his era, he debuted as a racecar driver in 1988 and within two years had become Germany's Formula Three champion.
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 (1990s–2000s).

Bibliography

See S. Arron and M. Hughes, The Complete Book of Formula One (2003); P. G. Wright, Formula 1 Technology (2003); B. Jones Complete Encyclopedia of Formula One (2004); D. Tremayne, The Science of Formula 1 Design (2004).

References in periodicals archive ?
Dubai: Drivers and teams from the UAE are very much in the mix at the half-way stage of the 2017 UIM F1 World Championship that moves next to China's forest city of Liuzhou.
And his three F1 World Championship titles will be marked by a 1969 Matra MS80-Cosworth and a Tyrrell 006 of 1973.
History was made on Sunday as, for the first time since the birth of the F1 world championship in 1950, a German driver in a German team won a race on home soil, with Nico Rosberg claiming victory in his Mercedes at Hockenheim.
au, the ruling means that Ricciardo misses out on 18 points for finishing second in Australia, leaving him in 10th place in the championship with 12 points, and also robbed him of the honour of officially being the first Australian to finish top three at a home grand prix since the event joined the F1 world championship in 1985.
is a wholly- owned subsidiary of F1 World Championship Limited and acts as its agent and business manager].
But the most precious piece of the auction will certainly be the McLaren M26 F1 racing car, driven to win three GPs in the 1977 world championship by James Hunt: this magnificent piece of racing history will be on display at the Emirates Palace on Saturday, the night before the F1 World Championship close in Abu Dhabi," the organisers stated.
A statement from the FIA said: "One of the aspects of the new 2013 Concorde Agreement is the new tender procedure for appointing single suppliers in the tyre and fuel categories, for the FIA F1 World Championship.
Ayrton Senna was the last driver to die at an F1 World Championship Grand Prix.
Summary: Unlike the last season, when the F1 World Championship was decided in Abu Dhabi, the Drivers' and Constructors' Championship this year was well and truly over before the F1 bandwagon arrived in Abu Dhabi.
I had no idea what to expect as I've never done anything like this before," confesses the South African, whose back catalogue includes five F1 world Championship winners and the McLaren F1, which won the Le Mans 24 hours twice over.
Senna won the F1 World Championship three times, becoming a source of pride--and generosity--for Brazil during difficult years.
They are and are what you would expect from a company that has won 163 Grands Prix, 12 F1 World Championship Driver's titles and eight Constructor's titles.