Persian language

(redirected from Fasi)
Also found in: Acronyms.

Persian language,

member of the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
..... Click the link for more information.
 languages). The official language of Iran, it has about 38 million speakers in Iran and another 8 million in Afghanistan. Historically the Persian language falls into three periods: Old, Middle, and Modern. Old Persian is known chiefly from cuneiform inscriptions dating from the time of the Achaemenid kings of ancient Persia (6th–4th cent. B.C.). Old Persian was highly inflected, as was Avestan, which is regarded by some as a form of Old Persian and by others as a separate tongue. Avestan was the language of the sacred texts of ZoroastrianismZoroastrianism
, religion founded by Zoroaster, but with many later accretions. Scriptures

Zoroastrianism's scriptures are the Avesta or the Zend Avesta [Pahlavi avesta=law, zend=commentary].
..... Click the link for more information.
 that are known as the Avesta (probably composed c.7th–5th cent. B.C.). Middle Persian derives directly from Old Persian. Also called Pahlavi, Middle Persian prevailed under the Sassanid, or Sassanian, rulers of Persia (3d–7th cent. A.D.). Grammatically, much simplification of inflection took place in Middle Persian, which was recorded both in an Aramaic alphabet and in a script called Pahlavi. Middle Persian also had a noteworthy literature of Manichaean and Zoroastrian texts. The modern form of Persian evolved directly from Middle Persian and may be said to have begun in the 9th or 10th cent. A.D. It has not changed much since that date. The grammar of Modern Persian is comparatively simple. The inflection of nouns and verbs has been greatly reduced since the ancient stage of the language. A number of Arabic words were added to the vocabulary as the result of the conquest of the Persians by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th cent. A.D. Modern Persian is the medium of an old and great literature and is written in a modification of the Arabic alphabet. Modern Persian is also known as Fārsī.

Bibliography

See R. G. Kent, Old Persian (1950); A. K. S. Lambton, Persian Grammar (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
The QLF kicked off with the session 'It's Hilariously Political', moderated by Fasi Zaka with panellists George Fulton and Nur Nasreen.
"Salman gave us the feeling that we are in a new era, where there will be no compromises when it comes to the citizens and the homeland," said Fasi. "This is unusual in our part of the world, where people are not used to seeing influential people held accountable."
Fasi shared the cigarette with Malu, the same one she had shared with the sailor from Papatea.
FASI scores pre-and posttreatment were compared using Wilcoxon signed-rank sum test.
Con il quarto sottocapitolo della seconda parte, "Un viaggio intellettuale narrato a 'penna corrente'", la studiosa entra nel laboratorio compositivo dello Zibaldone per illustrarne le diverse fasi di progettazione.
PMM have been working hard over the last 12 months by installing a number of Max Robots as part of turnkey packages alongside their other UK partners -Haitian and Zhafir moulding machines and FASI material handling equipment.
QNA ROME QATAR Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF) Chairperson HH Sheikha Moza and Italy's Minister of Human Resources, Information Technology and Communications Enrico Cavallari on Monday witnessed the signing of an agreement between Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) and Fondo di Assistenza Sanitaria Integrativa (FASI), the largest insurance company in Italy and one of the largest in Europe.
Churkin said he had had a very detailed discussion with Foreign Minister Taieb Fasi Fihri.
14 (Petra)--Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh on Wednesday discussed with his Moroccan counterpart Al Tayeb Al Fasi Al Fahri Jordanian-Moroccan ties, the two countries' bid to join the Gulf Cooperation Council and issues of the reigon.
"The youth of this country think politics is entirely rubbish," columnist Fasi Zaka said.
Sin embargo, el ministro de Exteriores marroqui, Taieb Fasi Fihri, acudio a una reunion en Bruselas donde converso sobre ese asunto con su homologo espanol, Miguel Angel Moratinos, el pasado lunes 7.