Tribal Areas

(redirected from FATA Province)

Tribal Areas

Tribal Areas, officially the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), former administrative region, 10,510 sq mi (27,220 sq km), NW Pakistan, comprising seven agencies (or tribal areas) and six generally smaller frontier regions located mainly between Afghanistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa prov. but also bordered by Punjab and Baluchistan prov. in the south. The seven agencies were Khyber, Kurram, Bajaur, Mohmand, Orakzai, North Waziristan, and South Waziristan; the inhabitants were overwhelmingly Pashtuns.

Under British rule, the area served as a buffer zone between the British and Russsian spheres of influence. The colonial government never completely controlled the region; the tribes governed their own internal affairs, while the British were responsible for British India's security. The arrangement was far from successful, and in the last half of the 19th cent. British troops repeatedly battled tribal groups. The British retained a tenuous hold on the region until they left the subcontinent in 1947.

A 1948 agreement granted the Tribal Areas a special administrative status in Pakistan, which allowed them to remain semiautonomous and base their administration on traditional tribal rules, but the inhabitants did not have full Pakistani citizenship rights. The system was codified in the 1973 constitution. In the early 21st. cent. the Pakistani Taliban were a major force in the region, and the Pakistani army conducted a number of offensives against Islamic militants in parts of the FATA. The FATA, particularly the Waziristans, were also alleged to be a stronghold for Al Qaeda. Reforms that would give the inhabitants full citizenship and merge the FATA into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were enacted in 2018, and the FATA was dissolved, though some aspects of the merger were to be completed by 2020. The former agencies and regions became provincial districts.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Washington has further restricted the travel of its diplomats in the country and has explicitly asked its citizens to refrain from visiting Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, including the erstwhile FATA province, and Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).
It would have been propitious if people of FATA were given various options in the referendum giving them the choice to create a separate FATA province, merge it into KPK or Balochistan, or continue with the old FCR system in the territory.
A Fata province would also not burden KP financially, hence avoiding likely financial and administrative conflicts.
I would say if the Pakhtunkhwa government now agrees to the formation of a separate Hazara province then it would be bound to allow to Fata province tomorrow and accordingly a Swat province because the people of these areas have also demanded for separate provinces in the past.
He said that he is in favor of FATA province creation but mutual consensus could be needed for it, adding that the PML-Q would not participate in any dispute during the proceeding of the parliament.
Manzoorul Haq said the Committee also deliberated on the possibility of Fata province, but keeping in view similarly of history, language, social, economic, culture, customs and traditions of people of KP and Fata have recommended merger of Fata with Khyber Pakthunkhwa in line with the wishes of tribesmen.
The speakers condemned the JUI-F for organising an anti-Fata-KP merger gathering in Islamabad and called the JUI-F and PkMAP's demand for a separate Fata province against the interest of tribesmen.
I believe that in the near future Pakistan will have to face that movement for a separate FATA province. If we want to eradicate the maniac of terrorism, we have to announce FATA as new province, as the local people know how to manage their areas.
A number of tribal elders also announced to support JUI-F for its view over Fata province. They also announced support to gathering of JUI-F against the merger of Fata on December 30.
Virtually no support for a separate FATA province due to its geographic location, weak linkages between the agencies and limited financial resources.
He said that there were also demands of Hazara and FATA province and national level commission should be formed in this regard.
He helped make sure the polls in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata provinces were largely trouble-free.