Free Democratic Party

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Free Democratic Party


(Freie Demokratische Partei; FDP), a liberal-bourgeois party, founded in 1948, in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG).

The FDP reflects the interests of liberal circles in the big bourgeoisie, of small and medium businessmen, office workers, government officials, well-to-do peasants, and artisans. It was active in the establishment of the FRG, and its leader, T. Heuss, was the first president of the FRG, serving in that capacity from 1949 to 1959. The FDP has often entered government coalitions with the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union. It was in opposition in the periods 1956–61 and 1966–69.

Since 1969 the FDP has been a coalition partner of the Social Democratic Party (SDP). It holds four ministerial posts, including that of minister of foreign affairs, in the federal government. Since 1969 it has also held the position of deputy chancellor—W. Scheel was deputy chancellor from 1969 to 1974, and H.-D. Genscher has been deputy chancellor since 1974.

The FDP, together with the SDP, has taken steps toward detente in Europe; it has moved toward better relations with the USSR and other socialist countries, helping to conclude treaties, over the period 1970–73, between the FRG, on the one hand, and the USSR, the Polish People’s Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and the German Democratic Republic, on the other. In 1974, Scheel, who was party chairman from 1968 to 1974, was elected president of the FRG. The FDP has 70,000 members (August 1974). H.-D. Genscher has been party chairman since October 1974.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the start of the weekend, the FDP leader, Christian Lindner, announced a deadline for the exploratory talks.
The foundations have been laid," Marie-Agnes Strack-Zimmermann, deputy head of the FDP, said on ZDF television.
5 A recent meta-analysis revealed that there is no statistically significant difference found between the survival rates of all ceramic FDP made up of lithium disilicate reinforced glass ceramics, alumina, zirconia or luecite base ceramic and metal ceramic FDP for both anterior and posterior regions of the dental arches.
As the rupture of the FDS occurred in the mid-palm, a reconstruction would not interfere with the course of the FDP in the digital canal.
Receivers operating characteristic curves were constructed at the most discriminating cut-off values to verify the predictive power of plasma Fg and FDP level and Fg/FDP ratio for the presence of significant CAD and severe coronary atherosclerosis defines as MVD or high tertile of Gensini score.
Level-2: If in addition to de-cementation the dislodged FDP has un-correctable occlusal errors abutment has sustained and / or fracture that cannot be corrected for reuse of FDP support.
The voters' desire to avoid another grand coalition while keeping Angela Merkel in office translated into support for the CDU/CSU's only potential coalition partner, the FDP.
The current FDP delegation in the EP has 12 members, due to a particularly good result of 11% in the 2009 elections.
The core of the FDP voters comprises of businessmen, who felt let down by their party.
Merkel told the Berlin crowd that a coalition with the FDP was her preference.
The FDP sought to put a brave face on Sunday's disastrous result, which thwarted recent upward momentum for the party.