mammography

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mammography,

diagnostic procedure that uses low-dose X rays to detect abnormalities in the breasts. Tomosynthesis, also known as 3D mammography, is form of mammography that combines X-ray images taken at multiple angles to produce a single three-dimensional image. The early diagnosis of breast cancerbreast cancer,
cancer that originates in the breast. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women (following lung cancer). Although the vast majority of the cases occur in women, some men also get breast cancer.
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 made possible by the routine use of mammography for screening women increases a woman's treatment alternatives and improves her chances of surviving the cancer. Mammograms can detect tumors too small to be noticed on physical examination. The recommended timing for a baseline first mammogram and subsequent mammograms varies depending on a woman's risk for breast cancer, but several medical advisory groups recommend beginning at age 40 or 45 for a woman with an average risk for breast cancer.
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mammography

[ma′mäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiographic examination of the breast, performed with or without injection of the glandular ducts with a contrast medium.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
As early studies are demonstrating the advantages of DBT over FFDM, including increased invasive cancer detection rates particularly with abnormalities identified only on DBT, DBT-VAB is being used more frequently.
Second, MMG was performed using a single FFDM device; therefore, it may not be possible to directly apply or extrapolate the results to other MMG devices.
De acordo com Marsden-Smedley e Catchpole (2001), estimativas da UMC com base no modelo FFDM foram eficientes para vegetacoes de gramineas na Tasmania.
Figures 1(a)-1(d) show the mean and interquartile box plots of %-G, TV (in mL), GV (in mL), and FV (in mL) measured by five different methods, HSM, the FFDM unit, MATH, 3DGRE, and STIR, as applicable.
Because images of the breast from FFDM, or even ultrasound and MRI, are available in digital format, they lend themselves to pattern recognition algorithms that can be implemented on a computer.
The Oslo II study [10], which involved 23,929 women aged 45 to 69 years who were randomly assigned to FFDM or SFM, showed that FFDM resulted in a statistically significant higher cancer detection rate than SFM.
Using multicase and multireader analyses, the diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve) improved significantly for the forced BIRADS score from 0.83 with FFDM alone to 0.90 with FFDM plus tomosynthesis, with 0.5 representing a worthless diagnostic test and 1 a perfect test.
When a forced BIRADS score of 4 or 5 was considered positive for breast cancer and a BIRADS of 1-3 was considered negative, sensitivity improved from 65.5% for FFDM alone to 76% for FFDM plus tomosynthesis, and specificity improved from 84% to 89%, she said.
Providers should instruct their billing departments and coders to clarify all guidelines concerning CAD and FFDM claims with their local Medicare carriers and other third-party payers (C.
Intramuscular fat, proximate composition and fatty acid analysis: Intramuscular fat, moisture content and FFDM were measured from the other half of the cut/portion stored.
Having the ability to read images from mammography systems from multiple vendor FFDM (Full Field Digital Mammography) products on a single I-ReadMammo workstation is a real advantage to busy radiologists who presently have to keep switching between multiple systems.
Correction period when components of the Senographe 2000D full-field digital mammography (FFDM) system fail quality control tests.