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council area (1993 est. pop. 351,200), 510 sq mi (1,322 sq km), and former county, E Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay. The land rises to 1,500 ft (457 m) in the Lomond Hills. Fishing villages of great antiquity dot the eastern coast. One of Scotland's most prosperous areas, Fife has pastures and productive farmland in the central valleys of the Leven and Eden and rich coal fields in the west and east. One of the new townsnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
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, GlenrothesGlenrothes
, town (1991 pop. 33,639), Fife, E Scotland, on the Leven River. Glenrothes was designated one of the new towns in 1948 to provide housing, community services, and increased social and economic diversity for an expanding mining area.
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 was opened there in 1959 and has since become industrially diversified. KirkcaldyKirkcaldy
, town (1991 pop. 46,356) and district, Fife, E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Industries textiles and furniture manufacture and light electrical engineering. Its port engages in coastal trade.
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 was a center of linoleum manufacture. Other industries are linen weaving and brewing.

Fife was once a Pictish kingdom. Saint AndrewsSaint Andrews,
town (1991 pop. 11,302), Fife, E Scotland, on the North Sea. A summer resort, it is famous for its golf courses. It was the seat of an archbishop from 908 and the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation. St.
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, seat of Scotland's oldest university, was the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation, and DunfermlineDunfermline
, city (1991 pop. 52,105), Fife, E central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. It is a center for the manufacture of table linen and terylene, a synthetic fabric, and has silk mills, collieries, and engineering works.
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 was once a royal burgh. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Fife became a region in 1975, and in the local government reorganization of 1996, the region became a council area.


small transverse flute with six to eight finger holes adopted for military music by Swiss regiments serving in France in the late 15th cent. The fife was used in the British army until the end of the 19th cent. The piccolopiccolo,
small transverse flute pitched an octave higher than the standard flute. Its tone is bright and shrill, and it can produce the highest notes in the orchestral range. The piccolo is used in orchestras and especially in military bands. See fife.
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 has largely replaced the fife in modern use.


a small high-pitched flute similar to the piccolo and usually having no keys, used esp in military bands


a council area and historical county of E central Scotland, bordering on the North Sea between the Firths of Tay and Forth: coastal lowlands in the north and east, with several ranges of hills; mainly agricultural. Administrative centre: Glenrothes. Pop.: 352 040 (2003 est.). Area: 1323 sq. km (511 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The vital role that Fife College plays in meeting the demand for a skilled workforce is apparent in the wide range of vocational qualifications, accredited qualifications and modern apprenticeships they deliver for new start-up businesses and industry leaders alike, across all sectors including: Active Leisure, Learning and Wellbeing Automotive Business Administration Construction Building Construction Technical Creative and Cultural Creative and Media Studies Customer Service Engineering Engineering Construction Food & Drink Operations Freight Logistics - Warehousing and Storage Gas Installation and Maintenance Hairdressing Hospitality IT & Telecommunications Life Sciences Management Plumbing Renewables Engineering Social Services and Healthcare Wind Turbine Service Technician
But unlike lots of college and professional football players, Fife had a backup plan.
East Fife boss Gary Naysmith said: "I thought our winner was offside but I'll take it as so many breaks have gone against us this season.
Chris Blight returned from injury at Fife last night, but Jake Morissette, Rupert Quiney, Mark Richardson and Adam Harding were all missing.
Through direct interactions with these civilian groups, the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps is able to do something no other military band can: truly immerse themselves in a genre.
Ms Fife, who lives in Marske, said: "I wanted to commemorate Thomas' bravery in the hope that his story would encourage young people today.
Mr MacDougall, a former shop steward with the GMB union, was first elected to office in 1982 when he became a councillor on Fife Regional Council.
But McKeown left citing a general malaise at the club, and new manager Campbell Money will struggle to make up the seven points by which they trail East Fife.
Olson and Fife said they have few changes planned for the company.
Fife added that leaving the radio station, which is owned by Signal Media of Arkansas, was not an easy decision, but decided the time was right to "grow professionally and personally.
Welshman Colyn Evans, 18, was jailed for life and ordered to spend at least 17 years behind bars at Edinburgh High Court after admitting murdering Karen Dewar in Tayport, Fife, in January.
It was Bruce Fife who popularized the health and medical uses of coconut oil.