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Faber–Jackson relationA correlation between the luminosity of an elliptical galaxy and the velocity dispersion of its stars. The gravitational potential of the galaxy is thus related to the kinetic energy of its constituents, so that the brightest most massive galaxies have the higher velocity dispersions. This relation, discovered by S.M. Faber and R.E. Jackson in 1976, is used in galactic distance determination. See also Tully–Fisher method.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
Faber-Jackson relation[¦fāb·ər ′jak·sən ri‚lā·shən]
A relation between the spectral dispersion caused by the random motions of stars in an elliptical galaxy and the galaxy's intrinsic luminosity.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.