Fabius


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Fabius

(fā`bēəs), ancient Roman gens. The family was most distinguished from the 5th cent. B.C. onward. However, little is known of the early members. Quintus Fabius Vibulanus, fl. 450 B.C., was consul three times (467, 465, 459) and a member of the decemvirate. Although he had served Rome well in battle, he was exiled with the other decemvirs. His descendant, Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus or Rullus, d. c.291 B.C., was consul five times (322, 310, 308, 297, 295) and dictator (315). He attacked the Samnites in 325 and was victorious, but his disobedience of orders brought his condemnation by Lucius Papirius Cursor, who was dictator at the time. Rullianus was renowned as a general, especially for his victory over the Etruscans, the Samnites, and their allies at Sentinum (295). His descendant, Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, d. 203 B.C., the opponent of HannibalHannibal
, b. 247 B.C., d. 183 or 182 B.C. Carthaginian general, an implacable and formidable enemy of Rome. Although knowledge of him is based primarily on the reports of his enemies, Hannibal appears to have been both just and merciful. He is renowned for his tactical genius.
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, was called Cunctator [Lat.,=delayer] because of his tactics, from which the term Fabian, referring to a waiting policy, is derived. He was consul five times (233, 228, 215, 214, 209) and dictator (217). Fabius kept his army always near Hannibal's but never attacked, harassing Hannibal continually, but never joining battle. The Romans tired of Fabius' policy, and he was supplanted (216); the rout at Cannae was the result. In his last consulship Fabius took Tarentum (now Taranto) from Hannibal, a signal victory. Another branch of the family was represented by Caius Fabius Pictor [Lat.,=the painter], fl. 302 B.C., who painted the temple of Salus at Rome, the first recorded Roman painting. His grandson was Quintus Fabius Pictor, fl. 225 B.C., the first Roman annalist; his history covered Rome from Aeneas to the Second Punic War. His work is lost. Quintus Fabius Labeo, fl. 180 B.C., praetor (189), was commander of the fleet in an eastern campaign. He seems to have used his power largely for his own aggrandizement. An adoptive member of the gens was Quintus Fabius Maximus, fl. 121 B.C., consul (121), called Allobrogicus, because of his victory over the Allobroges in Gaul.

Fabius

delayed meeting Hannibal’s troops; wore them down; hence, fabian. [Rom. Hist.: Espy, 177]
See: Cunning
References in classic literature ?
For this he was upbraided in the Senate by Fabius Maximus, and called the corrupter of the Roman soldiery.
"It was well played, chevalier, that is all, and no more is to be said about it: you are a soldier, both brave and cunning, which proves that you unite the qualities of Fabius and Hannibal.
[30] Paolo Paruta (d.1598), a Venetian historian and diplomat, later wrote that at Agnadello, France had a Hannibal in Louis XII, but in Alviano, the Republic unfortunately had a general "who was by nature very different from Fabius, who knew how to use the benefits of time." [31] In fact, Venetians could argue that Agnadello was much worse than Cannae.
French Economy Minister Laurent Fabius on 9 June berated oil companies and supermarkets running petrol stations in France for the second time in less than two months for failing to pass on oil price declines to consumers.
Former French Prime Minister Laurent Fabius and two other ex-ministers went on trial in Paris yesterday for their role in the deaths of five people given Aids-tainted blood in transfusions.
An extraordinarily able strategist, Fabius recognized the superiority of Hannibal's army in open battle, and so avoided a showdown, relying instead on maneuver and attrition, and giving his name to a strategy of make-haste-slowly, "Fabian." <BL>
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said on Wednesday he was going to leave office, as had been widely expected, in a move that is set to trigger a wider reshuffle of the unpopular government.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius has presented a draft for a global climate agreement.
Thomas Fabius, eldest son of French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, is now a wanted man in the US, Le Point reported.
PARIS, Oct 5 (KUNA) -- French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius on Monday warned of "the risks" that the conflict in Syria could widen and that it could end up as a totally sectarian war in the region.
PRAGUE, Dhu-AlQa'dah 08, 1436, August 23, 2015, SPA -- French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said Sunday that the migrant crisis in Macedonia needs to be dealt with without delay, AP reported.
TEHRAN (FNA)- French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius in a meeting with Iranian Vice-President and Head of the Environment Department Ma'soumeh Ebtekar stressed the necessity for enhancement of relations and cooperation with Tehran in environmental fields.