Fabius, Laurent

Fabius, Laurent

(lôräN` fäbyüs`), 1946– French politician. After graduating from the École National d'Administration, he became an auditor at the Council of State and has been a Socialist National Assembly deputy since 1978. He became (1984) minister of industry and research and, from 1984 to 1986, was President François MitterrandMitterrand, François Maurice
, 1916–96, French political leader, president of France, 1981–95. Initially a supporter of Pétain's Vichy government during World War II, he joined the Resistance in 1943.
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's premier. After two years out of government, he lost a party leadership fight to Pierre MauroyMauroy, Pierre
, 1928–2013, French politician. Educated at the École National d'Apprentissage de Cachan, he was a teacher and an active member of the new Socialist party from the 1960s. During the 1970s, he was second only to François Mitterrand in the party.
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 in 1988 but later (1992–93) held the post. In 1995 he became president of the Socialist bloc in the National Assembly; he was president of the National Assembly from 1988 to 1992 and again from 1997 to 2000. He was finance minister under Premier Lionel JospinJospin, Lionel Robert
, 1937–, French politician, premier of France (1997–2002). He studied at the elite École Nationale d'Administration (1961–65) and worked (1965–70) in the foreign ministry.
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 from 2000 to 2002. Fabius broke with his party in 2005 and campaigned against the proposed European Union constitution, which French voters rejected. In 2006 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Socialist party's nomination for the presidency. After the election of Socialist François HollandeHollande, François Gérard Georges,
1954–, French lawyer and politician, president of France (2012–17), b. Rouen. He attended the elite National School of Administration (ENA) and Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences Po).
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 as president in 2012, Fabius served (2012–16) as foreign minister.
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