Facilitation


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Facilitation

 

in physiology, the intensification of a response to a simultaneous or preliminary stimulation of different parts of the same or another area or the sensory nerve fibers proceeding from the receptor. In facilitation based on an increase in excitability, a single stimulation increases the efficacy of a subsequent stimulation by paving the way for it. One stimulation thus facilitates another (hence the origin of the term). As a result of facilitation, subliminal stimulation, which by itself does not elicit a response, begins to have an effect when excitation develops in new focal centers. For example, the weak stimulation of the skin of a rabbit, insufficient to elicit a motor response, provokes a reflex upon the simultaneous electrical stimulation of the motor center of the brain’s cortex, which also does not produce an effect by itself. The concept of facilitation in the central nervous system was introduced in 1882 by the German physiologist S. Exner, who called the phenomenon Bahnung (German; “facilitation”). I. P. Pavlov noted that facilitation contributes to the formation of conditioned reflexes. If a temporary connection is established, facilitation occurs between two foci of excitation in the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres as a reaction to conditioned and unconditioned stimuli.

References in periodicals archive ?
He said that the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry has become only chamber of the country where important institutions like SMEDA, Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), Traffic Police, NADRA and Excise and Taxation department have established facilitation centres for the business community.
According to banking expert Hany Aboul Fotouh, banks' figures show that the government is the largest borrowing sector from banks, as the credit facilitations provided by banks to the government represent 38.
The relevant body must have failed to prevent its associated person from committing the criminal facilitation act.
The list of police stations for induction of public facilitation officers and up gradation of the desk is in possession
To measure the facilitation, facilitation scale was adjusted and implemented in 14 items by studying the facilitative definition and function and modifying the items and the forenamed elements in the study [7] and The questionnaire's stability was attained 0.
Singapore joins a number of economies including South Korea, China's Hong Kong and Mexico in notifying the WTO of its commitment to the trade facilitation agreement provisions.
The Facilitation Foundations course will help learners build their approach to all types of facilitation, such as facilitating a team meeting, brainstorming session, leadership meeting, presentation or training.
Graphic facilitation and art therapy; imagery and metaphor in organizational development.
Possible resolution of the protracted process to finalise Te Rau Kokiri (TRK), the multi-employer collective agreement (MECA) for NZNO members working for Maori and iwi providers, is a step closer, with facilitation scheduled for March 27 and 28.
The European Parliament has postponed, until December, its vote on visa facilitation and readmission agreements between the EU and Georgia, initially scheduled for 11 November.
If you're involved in facilitation, human resources, management, mediation, team leadership, process development or individual and team coaching - this book is a must read.
29-30: Group Facilitation Skills; Toronto; ica@ica-associates.