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in the Roman Empire, a group of people involved in organizing equestrian contests.

The term was later transferred by scholars studying Byzantium to the sports organizations, known in Byzantine cities from the fourth century A.D., that arranged and conducted circus and sports events.

Large groups of fans, called demes, adhered to the various factions. There were usually four factions in each city, and they, like the demes, were named according to the color of the costumes worn by their charioteers: the Blues (Veneti), Greens (Prasinoi), Whites (Leukoi), and Reds (Russi). The most important were the Veneti and Prasinoi of Constantinople, who played an important political role in the fifth through seventh centuries. They lost their political importance around the middle of the seventh century and subsequently concerned themselves solely with the organization of sports competitions and festive ceremonies in Constantinople.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Sattar and Khalid Maqbool were confident that both the factions would bury the hatchet and internal differences would also be resolved soon.
Sources said the group has decided to stay away from the PIB and Bahadurabad factions till their differences are resolved.
Summary: Salem (Tamil Nadu) [India], November 24 (ANI): The sidelined All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) leader TTV Dhinakaran has objected to the decision of the Election Commission (EC) of allotting the "two leaves" party symbol to EPS-OPS faction, and accused it of conducting inquiry in an unfair manner.
SIDON, Lebanon: Tensions in Sidon's Ain al-Hilweh refugee camp are worrying residents, but a new initiative by Azzam al-Ahmad, a member of the Fatah Movement's Central Committee who is in charge of managing the file of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, aspires to draw warring factions together to implement a joint security plan.
The Parliament consists of parliamentary factions and the groups may exist within the factions.
A private TV channel reports that Hakim Mehsudullah's arrested, (later) deceased militant commander Khanum Mehsud's brother, has finally blurted out many startling disclosures, about some very violent cracks within TTP according to which Khanum Mehsud, appointed as commander for Gulshan Buner, had been deputed to eliminate the Karachi faction headed by Wali-ur-Rehman, known to have overwhelmed such Karachi suburbs of Manghopir, Sohrab Goth, and Baldia Town.
This was because the government was following a form of politics that was contributing to universal democratic criteria in the country; support was coming in from outside the country, as well as from democratic factions inside the country.
As Shih explains, through a detailed overview of the factional politics that have raged in China since the beginning of the reforms, the two types of factions that play a determinant role are the "generalist" and the "specialist" factions.
The factions with a combined membership of 61 were set up after the 2000 split of a major faction led by Koichi Kato over Kato's failed attempt to join an opposition-sponsored censor motion against the then struggling administration of Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori.
The 60's are mortal enemies with all Blood gangs and all `Gangster crip (GC)' factions,'' the LAPD overview says.
Another central theme in Connell's reconstruction is the structural split of the local patriciate into two parties, the Cancellieri and Panciarichi factions.