Faeroe Islands


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Faeroe Islands

or

Faröe Islands

(both: fâr`ō), Dan. Færøerne, Faeroese Føroyar, group of volcanic islands (2005 est. pop. 47,000), 540 sq mi (1,399 sq km), Denmark, in the N Atlantic, between Iceland and the Shetland Islands. There are 18 main islands and a few small, uninhabited islands. The largest islands are Streymoy, on which the group's capital, TórshavnTórshavn
or Thorshavn
, city (1998 est. pop. 16,095), capital of the Faeroe Islands, on SE Streymoy Island, Denmark. It is the commercial and shipping center of the Faeroe Islands and is also a major fishing port.
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, is situated, and Østerø. The Faeroes are high and rugged and have only sparse vegetation. The climate is relatively mild because of the influence of the North Atlantic DriftNorth Atlantic Drift,
warm ocean current in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a continuation of the Gulf Stream, the merging point being at lat. 40°N and long. 60°W.
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; there are frequent storms and much fog.

The population is Scandinavian and almost totally Lutheran; they speak Faeroese (a Germanic language derived from Old Norse and related to Danish) and Danish. The inhabitants depend mainly on fishing and to a lesser extent on sheep raising, shipbuilding, and fish farming. Fish, animal feeds, stamps, and ships are exported, while consumer goods, raw materials, machinery, and fuels are imported. The chief fishing ports are Vágur, Tórshavn, and Klaksvíg. The potential for petroleum production is being explored.

The Faeroes are a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark; they are governed under the Danish constitution of 1953. The Danish monarch, represented by a high commissioner, is the head of state. The government is headed by the prime minister, who is elected by the legislature. The cabinet is appointed by the prime minister. The 32 members of the unicameral Faeroese Parliament or Logting are popularly elected to four-year terms.

History

The earliest known inhabitants were Celtic. In the 8th cent. A.D. the islands were settled by Norsemen. In the early 11th cent. they became part of the kingdom of Norway and were Christianized. The population was nearly wiped out by an outbreak of black plague in the 14th cent. and was soon after replaced by Norwegian settlers. Along with Norway, the Faeroes passed under Danish rule in 1380, and they remained Danish after the Treaty of Kiel (1814) transferred Norway from the Danish to the Swedish crown. A nationalist movement in the 19th cent. led to the revival of Faeroese, a language akin to Icelandic, and there is an extensive native literature.

In World War II, Great Britain established (1940) a protectorate over the islands after the German occupation of Denmark. After the war there was considerable sentiment for full independence, and following a plebiscite in 1946, the islands' parliament proclaimed independence. The Danish king dissolved the Lagting, and after a new parliament was elected, the proclamation was reversed. However, in 1948 the Faeroese obtained home rule from Denmark. Since 1953 they have sent two representatives to the Danish parliament. The Faeroes did not join the European Community (EC; now the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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, EU) with Denmark in 1972 because it would have opened their fishing waters to other EC members. In 1977 the fishing limit was extended to 200 nautical mi (370 km). A unilaterial increase by the Faeroese in 2013 in their herring catch led to an EU ban on Faeroese herring. Sentiment in favor of independence remains strong among many islanders.

References in periodicals archive ?
In one, a diet high in whale blubber was associated with delays in attention, memory, and small-motor function in serial testing of children through age 6 in the Faeroe Islands of Norway.
That was just a month after the Scots had needed to claw their way back from the embarrassment of being two down to the Faeroe Islands with just 12 minutes gone.
I was very disappointed to miss the opening Euro qualifiers against the Faeroe Islands and Iceland - but I did need surgery," says Matteo.
A season that has already seen the national side nearly lose to the Faeroe Islands and Celtic fail to make the Champions League went from bad to worse last night when Rangers were beaten 2-0 by Czech Republic outfit Viktoria Zizkov in the away leg of their Uefa Cup first-round tie.
The findings at the Sixth International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant (ICMGP) were based on the group's study of residents in the Faeroe Islands, a self-governing region of Denmark in the North Atlantic.
At Grimsby, supplies of fish were being received from Iceland and the Faeroe Islands with a limited supply from Ireland.
July 24, Southampton/New York via Scotland, Norway, Faeroe Islands, Iceland, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, 18 days (7 days at sea); $8,380-21,550.
The four-member whaling club -- Norway, Iceland, Greenland and the Faeroe Islands -- called Japan's program in the northwestern Pacific ''important research'' on the impact marine mammals have on the ecosystem, according to the Japanese group.
Main Suppliers of Atlantic Salmon Country/Region 1987 1993 1999E 2005E Norway 47,000 170,000 397,000 620,000 Chile 0 29,000 115,000 300,000 UK 13,000 45,000 126,000 180,000 Canada 1,000 23,000 63,000 80,000 Faeroe Islands 3,000 18,000 32,000 60,000 USA 13,000 22,000 25,000 Ireland 2,000 11,000 18,000 25,000 Others 1,000 7,000 12,000 10,000 Total 67,000 316,000 785,000 1,300,000
Drawn to the North, he spent the summer of 1931 travelling in Iceland and the Faeroe Islands.
Teleglobe said it believed the cable had been cut due to a trawler accident but could not be sure until a cable ship reached the cut - somewhere between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands - on Monday.
When Ola Steen won the architectural competition for the Nordic House on the Faeroe Islands (AR July 1986, p67), he presented a somewhat schematic proposal which none the less had a clever and flexible plan.