Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae) was designated as the outgroup based on previous molecular systematic studies of Fagales
(Manos & Steele, 1997; Qiu et al, 1998; Li et al., 2004; APGIV, 2016).
The families Fagaceae, Betulaceae and Corylaceae are invariably positioned in the order Fagales
. The families Casuarinaceae and Rosaceae are classified, respectively, in the orders Casuarinales and Rosales.
Parandra polita are attracted to lights (Holt 2013), and larvae of this species develop within decaying heartwood of, for example, Carya (Fagales
: Juglandaceae), Fagus (Fagales
: Fagaceae), and Liriodendron species (Linsley & Chemsak 1997), which occur across Tennessee.
. The situation is similar as in Rosales, with merely monosymmetry by reduction.
In North America, health and growth of American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrhart; Fagales
: Fagaceae) have been degraded seriously by beech bark disease caused by the fungus Neonectria faginata (Lohman et al.) Castlebury & Rossman and to a lesser degree by Neonectria ditissima (Tul.
Spanish moss was collected monthly between Dec 2011 and Nov 2012 from oak (Quercus sp.) (Fagales
: Fagaceae), pecan (Carya illinoiensis [Wangenheim] K.
This univoltine species spends about 9 mo in an obligatory adult diapause under dry leaves, usually in Quercus (Fagales
: Fagaceae) scrub or weed stubble on the mountains and hills near wheat fields.
family Fagaceae, order Fagales
. The other food plants of temperate tasar
The hammocks are composed predominantly of oaks (Quercus spp.; Fagales
: Fagaceae) and swamp bay (P palustris) surrounded by upland pastures.
Behold, my students, Angiospermae Nymphaeopsida Chioranthoda Ranunculida Tricoplata Rosoidata Cucurbitalata Fagales
Fagaceae Quercoideae Querc897 Querc893 Querc89S Erythrobalanus Qrubra-234.
2000), and northern red oak [Quercus rubra L.; Fagales
: Fagaceae] (Trieff 2002).