The organization, which worked to register voters and testified before the Fair Employment Practices Committee
during World War II about employment discrimination in the South, had chapters in 10 states with a peak membership of 11,000.
IN EXCHANGE EOR a presidential ban on racial discrimination by employers producing war materiel for the US federal government and creating a Fair Employment Practices Committee
(FEPC), African-American labour leader A.
Philip Randolph called for a march on Washington to fight for jobs in national defense, the integration of the armed forces, and "the abolition of Jim Crowism in all Government departments and defense employment." In response to Randolph's call, FDR passed Executive Order 8802, creating the Fair Employment Practices Committee
(FEPC), which sought to ban discrimination by defense contractors.
Clarence Mitchell, Jr (1911-1984) served on the US government's Fair Employment Practices Committee
, established by President Franklin Roosevelt to curb racial discrimination in the defense industry, from 1942 to 1946, and later served as labor secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and as director of the NAACP's Washington Bureau, where he played a key role in lobbying for landmark Civil Rights legislation between 1946 and 1954.
His distinguished career included membership in FDR's first Fair Employment Practices Committee
; leadership in the movement that broke the color barrier to membership in the Illinois State Bar Association; and his driving role behind the Hansberry v.
Bernstein notes that during World War II the Fair Employment Practices Committee
(FEPC) was set up "in response to complaints of discrimination in public works and other federal projects" (p.
The FDR administration in 1935 did not support passage of an anti-lynching bill and the Fair Employment Practices Committee
was not a legislatively approved commission but rather an ad hoc body resulting from President Roosevelt's Executive Order 8802.
After that failed, they joined conservative Republicans in Congress to kill Truman's social legislation, including a Fair Employment Practices Committee
(not to mention a health care program).
One week later (and one week before the march was scheduled to take place), Roosevelt issued an executive order instructing federal agencies to administer their vocational and training programs without discrimination, and created the Fair Employment Practices Committee
to enforce the order.
One of them, Bromley Armstrong, was a black trade unionist, the financial secretary of local 439 of the UAW, and chair of its Fair Employment Practices Committee. The other was Ruth Lor, a Chinese-Canadian who was secretary of the University of Toronto Student Christian Movement.
 In addition, the Autoworkers created Fair Employment Practices Committees in their locals, members of which often provided volunteer labour for the Kaplansky network in Ontario.
Wolfinger highlights racially-tinged struggles over public housing in Philadelphia, integration in Levittown, the establishment of state and city Fair Employment Practices Committees
, and the decline of labor radicalism.