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city (1990 pop. 19,622), historic seat of Fairfax co., NE Va., a residential suburb of Washington, D.C.; inc. 1892, as a city 1961 (at which time it became independent and no longer included in a county). There is some light manufacturing. In the old courthouse (built 1799; restored 1967) are the wills of George and Martha Washington. Both the county and the city have many historic structures, notably Gunston Hall (1755–58), Pohick Church (1774), and Sully Plantation (1794). George Mason Univ. is located in Fairfax.
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Fairfax (Independent City), Virginia

10455 Armstrong St
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone: (703) 385-7936
Fax: (703) 385-7811

In northeastern VA, west of Washington, D.C. Incorporated as a town in 1874; as a city in 1961. Site of George Mason University. Serves as county seat for Fairfax County. Annexed parts of Fairfax County effective December 31, 1991 and January 1, 1994. Name Origin: Established in 1805 as Providence. After the former town of Fairfax (now Culpepper, in Culpepper County), named for Thomas, Lord Fairfax (1692-1780), one of the early great landowners, changed its name in 1859, Providence renamed itself Fairfax

Area (sq mi):: 6.31 (land 6.31; water 0.00) Population per square mile: 3480.70
Population 2005: 21,963 State rank: 73 Population change: 2000-20005 2.20%; 1990-2000 9.60% Population 2000: 21,498 (White 66.70%; Black or African American 5.10%; Hispanic or Latino 13.60%; Asian 12.20%; Other 9.90%). Foreign born: 25.40%. Median age: 37.00
Income 2000: per capita $31,247; median household $67,642; Population below poverty level: 5.70% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $50,035-$53,984
Unemployment (2004): 2.70% Unemployment change (from 2000): 2.00% Median travel time to work: 30.10 minutes Working outside county of residence: 77.10%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
See other counties in .
Counties USA: A Directory of United States Counties, 3rd Edition. © 2006 by Omnigraphics, Inc.


Thomas, 3rd Baron Fairfax. 1612--71, English general and statesman: commanded the Parliamentary army (1645--50), defeating Charles I at Naseby (1645). He was instrumental in restoring Charles II to the throne (1660)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
At this moment, an ingenious and animating suspicion entering Emma's brain with regard to Jane Fairfax, this charming Mr.
"You must feel it very fortunate that Miss Fairfax should be allowed to come to you at such a time.
"But, in spite of all her friends' urgency, and her own wish of seeing Ireland, Miss Fairfax prefers devoting the time to you and Mrs.
Dixon, I understand, has no remarkable degree of personal beauty; is not, by any means, to be compared with Miss Fairfax."
She regained the streethappy in this, that though much had been forced on her against her will, though she had in fact heard the whole substance of Jane Fairfax's letter, she had been able to escape the letter itself.
Rochester's mother was a Fairfax, and second cousin to my husband: but I never presume on the connection--in fact, it is nothing to me; I consider myself quite in the light of an ordinary housekeeper: my employer is always civil, and I expect nothing more."
Fairfax. "Come and speak to the lady who is to teach you, and to make you a clever woman some day." She approached.
She will be glad: nobody here understands her: Madame Fairfax is all English.
Fairfax called to me: "Your morning school-hours are over now, I suppose," said she.
Fairfax stayed behind a moment to fasten the trap-door; I, by drift of groping, found the outlet from the attic, and proceeded to descend the narrow garret staircase.
Fairfax!" I called out: for I now heard her descending the great stairs.
Fairfax. "Remember directions!" Grace curtseyed silently and went in.