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city (1990 pop. 19,622), historic seat of Fairfax co., NE Va., a residential suburb of Washington, D.C.; inc. 1892, as a city 1961 (at which time it became independent and no longer included in a county). There is some light manufacturing. In the old courthouse (built 1799; restored 1967) are the wills of George and Martha Washington. Both the county and the city have many historic structures, notably Gunston Hall (1755–58), Pohick Church (1774), and Sully Plantation (1794). George Mason Univ. is located in Fairfax.

Fairfax (Independent City), Virginia

10455 Armstrong St
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone: (703) 385-7936
Fax: (703) 385-7811

In northeastern VA, west of Washington, D.C. Incorporated as a town in 1874; as a city in 1961. Site of George Mason University. Serves as county seat for Fairfax County. Annexed parts of Fairfax County effective December 31, 1991 and January 1, 1994. Name Origin: Established in 1805 as Providence. After the former town of Fairfax (now Culpepper, in Culpepper County), named for Thomas, Lord Fairfax (1692-1780), one of the early great landowners, changed its name in 1859, Providence renamed itself Fairfax

Area (sq mi):: 6.31 (land 6.31; water 0.00) Population per square mile: 3480.70
Population 2005: 21,963 State rank: 73 Population change: 2000-20005 2.20%; 1990-2000 9.60% Population 2000: 21,498 (White 66.70%; Black or African American 5.10%; Hispanic or Latino 13.60%; Asian 12.20%; Other 9.90%). Foreign born: 25.40%. Median age: 37.00
Income 2000: per capita $31,247; median household $67,642; Population below poverty level: 5.70% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $50,035-$53,984
Unemployment (2004): 2.70% Unemployment change (from 2000): 2.00% Median travel time to work: 30.10 minutes Working outside county of residence: 77.10%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
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Thomas, 3rd Baron Fairfax. 1612--71, English general and statesman: commanded the Parliamentary army (1645--50), defeating Charles I at Naseby (1645). He was instrumental in restoring Charles II to the throne (1660)
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