Fairfield. 1 City (2020 pop. 10,000), Jefferson co., N central Ala., an industrial suburb of Birmingham; inc. 1919. Founded (1910) by the United States Steel Corp., its steel industry has greatly declined, negatively affecting the city's economy. 2 City (2020 pop. 119,881), seat of Solano co., W Calif.; founded 1859, inc. 1903. Irrigated farming, which is extremely productive, and the raising of livestock are chief occupations. Wineries and breweries add to the economy. Nearby is Travis Air Force Base. 3 Town (2020 pop. 61,512), Fairfield co., SW Conn., on Long Island Sound; settled 1639, chartered 1947. It is chiefly residential, but there are diverse light industries. The town was settled on the site of the last battle (1637) in the Pequot War. During the Revolution much of it was burned (1777) by the British. Fairfield has several colonial historical districts as well as resort beaches and a large marina. Sacred Heart Univ. and Fairfield Univ. are there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in the northeastern USA, in the state of Connecticut, on Long Island Sound; a southwestern suburb of Bridgeport. Population, 56,000 (1975). Fairfield produces aircraft, chemical products, and jewelry. The city also has light industry. Fairfield is a seaside resort.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.