Fairy Rings


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Fairy Rings

 

circles formed by cap mushrooms. Fairy rings are often found in meadows, more rarely in forests. The formation of fairy rings depends on the centrifugal growth of the mycelium in the soil, on the periphery of which fruiting bodies of the mushrooms are formed each year. From year to year the diameter of a fairy ring increases by 8-50 cm, and over a number of years the fairy ring may attain a diameter of several dozen meters. Within the fairy ring the grass is usually dwarfed because the nutritive substances and water are used by the mycelium, which competes with flowering plants; in old fairy rings the mycelium in the center of the ring dies off, and the grass develops more luxuriantly. Fairy rings are formed especially often by the fairy-ring mushroom and meadow mushrooms.

fairy rings

rings found in grassy meadows, once believed to have been produced by dancing fairies. [Br. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 345]
References in periodicals archive ?
Quite a lot: in some parts of Europe, superstition held that the passing mortal who stepped inside a fairy ring would be punished with the loss of an eye, or be struck blind in both.
There are a number of different fungi that cause the fairy ring symptom, including probably the commonest Marasmius oreades as well as Hygrocybe species and Clitocybe species.
Q WHAT can I do about a fairy ring of toadstools that appeared in my lawn last year and is now back again?
Although small, those little Fairy Ring Mushrooms (Marasmius oreades) have an incredibly tough stem--almost too tough to tear.
Recovery time: Generally fairy rings can be masked with the application of fertilizer, with results in 10 to 14 days.
Here too it would appear as though the grass is turned into fairy rings, as suggested for the passage in The Tempest.
Fairy rings are commonly-found arcs of fungus, so don't be a disbeliever.
Grassland fairy rings are formed and expand when spores drop close to and around the parent toadstools, thus increasing the diameter of the fungal patch each year.
QI WOULD like to know if there is anything I can do about the fairy rings that have appeared in my lawn.
Pupils have started planting fairy rings as part of the landscaping of a new multi-use games and toddlers area.
Fairy rings, dark-green circles of grass that sometimes have mushrooms associated with them, are a fairly common problem in lawns.