Faisal II


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Faisal II

or

Feisal II

(both: fī`səl), 1935–58, king of Iraq (1939–58). He ascended to the throne on the death of his father, King Ghazi. After a long regency, Faisal attained his majority in 1953. Regarded as pro-Western in his sympathies, he was killed on July 14, 1958, when a revolution led by Abdul Karim Kassem overthrew the Iraqi monarchy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Faisal II

 

Born May 2, 1935, in Baghdad; died there July 14, 1958. King of Iraq from 1939; member of the Hashimite dynasty.

Until Faisal reached his majority in 1953, Iraq was ruled by the regent Abdul Ilah. Faisal was strongly influenced by the reactionary pro-British clique of Abdul Ilah and Nurial-Said. Faisal was slain during the Iraqi Revolution of 1958.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Faisal II

, Feisal II
1935--58, last king of Iraq (1939--58)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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The title of king fell to Faisal II, who was just 3 years old, and his reign began under the regency of his uncle Crown Prince Abdallah.
Faisal II was a regular in Life magazine, which ran a 1942 photo essay showing the seven-year-old king first in shorts on an oversized throne, then on the palace grounds with his German shepherd dog.
A series of military coups (King Faisal II and Nuri Pasha were both brutally murdered in the 1958 coup) inspired by Nasser, finished off budding Arab democracies and unleashed vicious forces, the offshoots of which still rampage through the region today.
These days Iraq may be nominally socialist but back then it was ruled by King Faisal II and he took a dim view of lefty radicalism.
The 1995 referendum was the first since the monarchy was overthrown in a July 1958 coup by units of the army, in which King Faisal II was killed along with the crown prince).
An insightful discussion of the failure of attempts to liberalize Iraqi politics and to establish a functioning electoral system, culminating in the bloody ouster of the Hashemites (led by Faisal II) and their political supporters by the Iraqi Officers Corps concludes Chapter 4 (pp.
Ghazi was succeeded in 1939 by his son, Faisal II, then four years old and thus controlled, till his majority, by a regent.
The Hashemite monarchy he established survived until 1958 when soldiers gunned down King Faisal II and a mob dismembered his Prime Minister's corpse and dragged it through the streets.
Faisal II of Iraq was assassinated on July 14, 1958, and the monarchy in that nation came to an end.
1953 - Faisal II becomes King of Iraq on his 18th birthday.
1953 -- Iraq's King Faisal II visited Kuwait for the first time, accompanied by Prince Abdulilah, the Crown Prince, Minister of Defense Nouri Al[euro]oA[degrees]Saeed, in response to an invitation from His Highness the Amir Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem Al[euro]oA[degrees]Sabah.
Experts from the ministry confirmed that the Iraqi coins date back 1921-1958 under the reigns of Kings Faisal I, Faisal II and Ghazi, which makes them subject to Iraq's antiquities law.