Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Falange: Falange Española


(fälän`hā) [Span.,=phalanx], Spanish political party, founded in 1933 as Falange Española by José António Primo de Rivera, son of the former Spanish dictator. Professing generally the principles of fascismfascism
, totalitarian philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every aspect of national life. The name was first used by the party started by Benito Mussolini, who ruled Italy from 1922 until the Italian defeat in World
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Falange distinguished itself from other fascist groups by its great emphasis on national tradition, particularly the imperial and Renaissance Christian traditions of Spain. The Falange militia joined the Insurgents in the Spanish civil war of 1936–39. Merged with the Carlist militia by Francisco FrancoFranco, Francisco
, 1892–1975, Spanish general and caudillo [leader]. He became a general at the age of 32 after commanding the Spanish Foreign Legion in Morocco.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1937, the organization was renamed Falange Española Tradicionalista and was made the official party of the Nationalist state. It was a much less independent force than Italian fascism, however, and was exploited and manipulated by Franco. From the middle of World War II on, the party grew steadily weaker, and Franco sought to make it a kind of bureaucratic nationalist front. By the early 1970s it had virtually no influence.


See study by S. G. Payne (1961).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Dicha insercion se realizaba a traves de un tendon conjunto de las cabezas oblicua y transversa del musculo aductor del hallux y el tendon de la cabeza profunda del musculo flexor corto del hallux, llegando a la capsula articular de la articulacion metatarsofalangica del hallux y a la parte lateral de la base de la falange proximal del hallux.
El principal instrumento de la politica de masculinizacion y de la politica de feminizacion la ejercio el gobierno a traves de las instituciones de la Falange. En la estructura politica del regimen la Falange gozaba de una situacion privilegiada (50).
Sin embargo, en el intento por generar una politica cultural franquista mucho quedara en el plano teorico en un marco de disputas entre la Iglesia y el sector catolicista, a traves de Accion Espanola y el control de Vicesecretaria de Educacion Popular por un lado, y Falange, desde la Delegacion Nacional de Prensa dependiente del Ministerio del Interior, por el otro.