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Falange (fälänˈhā) [Span.,=phalanx], Spanish political party, founded in 1933 as Falange Española by José António Primo de Rivera, son of the former Spanish dictator. Professing generally the principles of fascism, the Falange distinguished itself from other fascist groups by its great emphasis on national tradition, particularly the imperial and Renaissance Christian traditions of Spain. The Falange militia joined the Insurgents in the Spanish civil war of 1936–39. Merged with the Carlist militia by Francisco Franco in 1937, the organization was renamed Falange Española Tradicionalista and was made the official party of the Nationalist state. It was a much less independent force than Italian fascism, however, and was exploited and manipulated by Franco. From the middle of World War II on, the party grew steadily weaker, and Franco sought to make it a kind of bureaucratic nationalist front. By the early 1970s it had virtually no influence.


See study by S. G. Payne (1961).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Later, a group of uniformed Falangists entered, saluting the portrait of General Franco that hung on the wall.
Often referred to as the "insurgents" or "rebels," the Nationalist side was made up Catholics, Fascists (Falangists), anti-Communists, and landowners.
Israel, which since 1948 realized thousands of Palestinians in Shabra and Shatila, killing is 16 years"--an apparent act of propaganda, lying about the massacres in the refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila in 1982 in Lebanon, which were not carried out by Israel but by the Maronite Christian Falangist militia.
In turn Ubico benefited from Falangist propaganda that buttressed his arbitrary rule.
While Hitler and Mussolini bombed the republic on behalf of the 'rebel' fascist forces under General Franco who upheld the Falangist banner of 'Family, Church and Civilization' -- a fascist prototype for Obama's 'humanitarian intervention' on behalf of his 'rebels'.
In contrast, political pilgrimages from Spain to the Third Reich were a very specific type of sojourn, motivated by Falangist political affinity for Nazi Germany.
When the book was published in 1957, most reviewers agreed that Wright's use of the Falangist handbook for young women was a brilliant means of exposing the great gap between what Wright refers to as "the official Spain and the human Spain" (66).
Not that Montalban's own politics were so confident as he turned to thriller writing--following his own jail time for anti-Franco activities and the denouement that followed the Falangist nightmare.
Writing in the age of the Nazi, Fascist, and Falangist State, Walter Benjamin famously argued that a critical left perspective involves excavating possible moments of alternative trajectories in history.
Adalgisa, who is nearing forty, means well but is warped and distorted in her moral and ethical sense by Spanish Catholicism, mixed with the pro-Franco Falangist sympathies (she is of Spanish ancestry) that are being promulgated by her confessor.