Erich Von Falkenhayn

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Falkenhayn, Erich Von

 

Born Sept. 11, 1861, in Burg Belchau, near present-day Toruñ, Poland; died Apr. 8, 1922, in Castle Lindstedt, near Potsdam. German general of the infantry (1915).

Falkenhayn graduated from the Academy of the General Staff in 1890. From 1896 to 1899 he served as a military adviser to the Chinese Army. In 1900 and 1901 he took part in the suppression of the Boxer Rebellion. In 1913 and 1914, Falkenhayn served as Prussian minister of war. He was appointed chief of the general staff in September 1914, after the German defeat at the battle of the Marne.

Convinced that the war had to be won on the Western Front, Falkenhayn attempted to force Russia out of the war by attacking the Eastern Front in 1915. In 1916 he directed an offensive on the Western Front at Verdun, but was unable to achieve a decisive victory. In August 1916, Falkenhayn was replaced by General P. von Hindenburg and was appointed commander of the Ninth Army, which defeated the Rumanian Army in a combined operation with the troops of General A. von Mackensen. In 1917 and 1918, Falkenhayn commanded the forces of the Central Powers in Turkey; in March 1918 he assumed command of the Tenth Army in the occupied territory of Soviet Russia.

WORKS

Verkhovnoe komandovanie 1914–1916 v ero vazhneishikh resheniiakh. Moscow, 1923. (Translated from German.)

REFERENCE

Zwehl, H. Erich von Falkenhayn: General der Infanterie. Berlin, 1926.
References in periodicals archive ?
Junior is also survived by his loving, devoted and constant companion of over 20 years, Ruth Falkenhayn, his brother, Bert Howard, as well as many cousins, nieces and nephews.
von Falkenhayn, "The human dimensions of global environmental change: ecosystem services, resilience, and governance," European Physical Journal Conferences, vol.
Stephenson considers Falkenhayn's belief the French could be bled white at Verdun and the German Navy's belief in unrestricted submarine warfare proved to be strategic failures; Foch's belief that a series of coordinated allied offensives in 1918 could achieve decisive results proved correct.
In Palestine Ottoman Turkish forces, some of them Arabs regiments, were under the de facto command of senior Prussian 'advisers' the most senior of them, General Erich von Falkenhayn, who had failed to crack the French at Verdun.
government raised concerns about the way the war was being waged and referred to the international principles of naval warfare, the chief of the general staff, General Erich von Falkenhayn (1861-1922), feared the United States might enter the war.
(9) The de-facto head of the German high command (Oberste Heeresleitung, or OHL), General of Infantry Erich von Falkenhayn (1861-1922), had something much less ambitious in mind.
Prevailing German tactical doctrine, hammered home to local commanders by Chief of the German General Staff General Erichvon Falkenhayn, was that ground must firstly be held at all costs and if lost, recovered at all costs.
German General Erich von Falkenhayn's aim was to annihilate the French forces leaving the British army fighting alone on the Western Front.
At Verdun, General Von Falkenhayn engaged the French in a number of limited engagements that were meant to take small amounts of land using Storm Troop tactics to limit casualties.
Exasperated, Chief of General Staff Erich von Falkenhayn decided: Tomorrow we use the gas, or not at all.
Falkenhayn, regarded the letter as a threat of war and the German Foreign Office began to work feverishly on its new policy towards the United States to prevent them from entering the war due to the use of the submarine.