fallow deer

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fallow deer

either of two deer, Dama dama or D. mesopotamica, native to the Mediterranean region and Persia respectively. The antlers are flattened and the summer coat is reddish with white spots
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fallow Deer

 

(Cervus dama), an artiodactyl of the genus Cervus. The antlers of the male are palmate; the females have no antlers. The males measure about 130 cm long and stand 85–90 cm high at the shoulder. They weigh about 90 kg. The females are smaller. The coloration in the summer is a rust red with white spots; in the winter, a uniform gray-brown. White or black individuals are found.

Fallow deer are native to the Mediterranean region and Asia Minor. In many countries of Europe, including the USSR, and also in New Zealand and America, fallow deer are raised in parks and preserves, where they are kept for display and to be hunted. Fallow deer prefer broad-leaved forests. They feed on herbaceous and woody vegetation. The animals live in groups of three to ten members; the males range separately except during the mating season. The antlers are shed in May; new ones are formed by August. The deer mate in September or October. The gestation period is about eight months. There are one or two offspring. Only a few dozen individuals have been preserved in the wild state in southern Iran (they are protected).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.