Falmouth

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Falmouth

(făl`məth), town (1991 pop. 17,810), Cornwall, SW England, on a small peninsula between Falmouth Bay and Carrick Roads estuary. Falmouth is a port, a resort, and the headquarters of the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club; there is a maritime museum in the harbor. China clay is exported from the port. Industries include engineering, ship repairing, and oyster fisheries. The climate is unusually warm; subtropical plants thrive. The harbor entrance is guarded by Pendennis Castle on the west and St. Mawes Castle on the east (both 16th cent.). Baron Fairfax of Cameron took the town in 1646 after a five-month siege of Pendennis Castle in the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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. The fall of the castle signaled the defeat of the royalists in Cornwall and the end of the civil war there.

Falmouth,

town (1990 pop. 27,960), Barnstable co., SE Mass., on Cape Cod; settled c.1660, inc. 1686. Once a whaling and boatbuilding center, the town has become a popular tourist summer resort. Falmouth was attacked by the British in the Revolutionary War and again in the War of 1812. Historic structures include the Ship's Bottom Roof House (1678); the Congregational church on the town green (1756; restored), with a bell cast by Paul Revere; and the Julia Wood House (1790). The town includes the community of Woods Hole, seat of the Oceanographic Institution and Marine Biological Laboratories.

Falmouth

a port and resort in SW England, in S Cornwall. Pop.: 21 635 (2001)