False Report


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False Report

 

under Soviet criminal law, knowingly giving false information to an agency or to an official authorized to institute proceedings either about the commission of a crime that did not occur or about the commission of a crime by a person who did not commit the crime. Under the laws of a number of Union republics, for a false report to constitute a crime, the naming of a certain person is mandatory (for example, art. 160, Criminal Code of the Uzbek SSR; art. 188, Criminal Code of the Lithuanian SSR; art. 195, Criminal Code of the Moldavian SSR; and art. 186, Criminal Code of the Kazakh SSR). In making a false report orally or in writing, the informer may act only with express intent, that is, knowing that the reported information is false.

Knowingly making a false report is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term not exceeding two years or correctional tasks for a term not exceeding one year. In case of aggravating circumstances, the same actions are punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of two to seven years (for example, art. 180, Criminal Code of the RSFSR). Aggravating circumstances include an accusation of an especially dangerous crime against the state or any other grave crime; artificially creating proof of the accusation (for example, submission of forged documents); or mercenary purpose (for example, to obtain the property of the convicted). All citizens 16 years of age or older are held criminally responsible for making reports known to be false.

A citizen’s bona fide error concerning the truth of information he is reporting, as well as a groundless complaint against a supposedly criminal violation of the law submitted to competent agencies and officials, does not constitute the crime of false report.

A knowingly false report as a form of crime is provided for by the legislation of foreign socialist states (for example, the German Democratic Republic and Poland). This form of crime is also known in the legislation of bourgeois states.

T. N. DOBROVOL’SKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
The term describes when someone calls in a false report in the hopes of prompting a SWAT team to respond.
In A False Report, an expansion of their Pulitzer Prize-winning ProPublica article "An Unbelievable Story of Rape," journalists T.
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SPRINGFIELD - Police arrested three Springfield residents Friday morning on charges of initiating a false report of harassment and kidnapping.
Hughes is alleged to have made a false report to the NSPCC about Mr Davis.
Maher was charged with three counts of deception and three counts of making a false report.
Speaking to Israel Hayom, Zalter said, "I was in complete shock from the behavior of the people on the Temple Mount and from the false report.
The neurosurgeon said that he contacted the reporter who wrote the false report and asked him to correct the mistake and take his pictures down.
Rowley of Pentre Gwyn in Wrexham, was remanded in custody at Flintshire magistrates' court at Mold on charges of casing criminal damage to a 32-inch screen TV to the value of PS220 and perverting the course of justice by making a false report to the police.
President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev signed the draft law on criminal penalty for false report about committed crime, the press service of the President report on May 17.
LAKKI MARWAT -- Two employees of revenue department were suspended from service on the charges of preparing a false report regarding encroachments and receiving illegal fees on domicile certificates.
1) A person commits the offense of making a false report of child abuse if, with the intent to influence a custody, parenting time, visitation or child support decision, the person: (a) Makes a false report of child abuse to the Department of Human Services or a law enforcement agency, knowing that the report is false; or (b) With the intent that a public or private official make[sic] a report of child abuse to the Department of Human Services or a law enforcement agency, makes a false report of child abuse to the public or private official, knowing that the report is false.