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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.
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See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
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References in periodicals archive ?
"Professionals fear other cases of disagreement will mean widespread social media interest, attracting illinformed offers of treatment and comments that may actually be giving patients and families false hope. "That would be very regrettable; it may even be inevitable in this era."
Another Chief Justice stated it was only "false hope" if future elected officials chose not to act on their jurisdiction.
Dave Owsnett, 51, of nearby Hodge Hill, added: "Betting shops are nearly as bad as the payday loan shops because they give people false hope."
Let's hope as its second year comes to a close this very month, the McCanns aren't being given false hope in order to justify the review's vast budget, it's 30-strong team of detectives and the fact that so far, it has found nothing to suggest Madeleine is actually alive.
President Yahya Jammeh said in 2007 he had found a remedy of boiled herbs to cure Aids, stirring anger among Western medical experts who claimed he was giving false hope to the sick.
Clearly your votes never turned into record sales, it's just cruel to give Christopher false hope of a pop career which he will never have.
They're not only spreading false hope, they're reducing the economic vitality of high streets.
Lead author Professor John Gordon said: "While we would not wish to give people false hope, this research holds potential for improvement in treatments in years to come."
our bed of false hope, which is also maudlin, though we hoped not crazy.
SCHOOLS were last night accused of giving false hope to students by "over-egging" their abilities.
But he said he did not want to offer "false hope" and was convinced the company had so far "made up its mind".
Their decision was driven by a fear that they would not be able to 'deliver" and would thus give "false hope" to EU citizens.