Famagusta


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Famagusta

(fämägo͞o`stä), Gr. Ammochostos, city (1992 pop. 30,798), E Cyprus, on Famagusta Bay. An important port and a Turkish administrative center, the city was completely evacuated in 1974 when Turkey invaded the island. Before 1974 the majority of the population had been Greek Cypriots. Farming is the main occupation, and there are other light industries. Famagusta occupies the site of ancient Arsinoë, built (3d cent. B.C.) by Ptolemy IIPtolemy II
(Ptolemy Philadelphus) , c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy I and Berenice (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world.
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. After the fall (1291) of Acre (see AkkoAkko
or Acre
, Fr. Saint-Jean d'Acre, Arab. Acca, city (1994 pop. 45,300), NW Israel, a port on the Bay of Haifa (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea). Its manufactures include iron and steel, chemicals, and textiles. The city was captured (A.D.
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) to the Saracens, Christian refugees greatly increased the city's wealth. The seat (15th–16th cent.) of the Venetian governors of Cyprus, it was strongly fortified by the Venetians; the governor's palace, the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, and many churches testify to its medieval splendor. As a British naval base the city was heavily bombed in World War II, and from 1946 to 1948 a British internment camp for illegal Jewish immigrants to Palestine was maintained near the city. Famagusta is thought to be the scene of Acts II through V of Shakespeare's Othello.

Famagusta

a port in E Cyprus, on Famagusta Bay: became one of the richest cities in Christendom in the 14th century. Pop.: 67 167 (1994)
References in periodicals archive ?
After the Turkish invasion and occupation, it was soon understood that for special reasons the return of the citizens of Famagusta should be achieved before and independently from a solution to the increasingly difficult Cyprus problem.
He said: "At Famagusta we finished second but Apoel Nicosia pipped us in the play-offs.
Efforts are also being made to secure funds for the construction of a new Famagusta District Court worth EUR 6 mln.
Famagusta is an archeological walled city on the island of Cyprus, containing art-filled churches and major buildings from the Frankish, Crusader, and Venetian periods.
City diplomacy, coupled with concrete proposals for territorial development, are tools to be taken into consideration in order to offer new opportunities for dialogue and complement the negotiation process", President Lebrun stated referring in particular to the situation of Varosha, the sealed-off section of Famagusta which has been completely emptied for the past four decades.
And the port of Famagusta (Gazimagusa in Turkish) could become the entry point for cargo freight to the Turkish part of the island.
Con un voto aprobado por aclamacion en la manifestacion contra la ocupacion de Famagusta, que se realizo el dia sabado.
The Bulgarian MEP informed that the delegation is already leaving Famagusta for Nicosia.
BEIRUT: The first tourist sea transportation service between the northern coastal city of Tripoli and the port town of Famagusta on the Turkish side of the island of Cyprus was launched Tuesday.
UEFA Cup First Round, First Leg: Aberdeen 0 Dnipro 0, Everton 1 FC Metalist Kharkiv 1, Larissa 2 Blackburn 0, Tottenham 6 Anorthosis Famagusta 1, Rabotnicki Kometal 1 Bolton 1.
TOTTENHAM manager Martin Jol has urged Jermain Defoe to seize his chance to impress if he is given an opportunity against Anorthosis Famagusta in the Uefa Cup.
RANGERS last night sealed their place alongside the big guns of the Champions League after snuffing out the challenge of Anorthosis Famagusta.