Famagusta


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Famagusta

(fämägo͞o`stä), Gr. Ammochostos, city (1992 pop. 30,798), E Cyprus, on Famagusta Bay. An important port and a Turkish administrative center, the city was completely evacuated in 1974 when Turkey invaded the island. Before 1974 the majority of the population had been Greek Cypriots. Farming is the main occupation, and there are other light industries. Famagusta occupies the site of ancient Arsinoë, built (3d cent. B.C.) by Ptolemy IIPtolemy II
(Ptolemy Philadelphus) , c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy I and Berenice (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world.
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. After the fall (1291) of Acre (see AkkoAkko
or Acre
, Fr. Saint-Jean d'Acre, Arab. Acca, city (1994 pop. 45,300), NW Israel, a port on the Bay of Haifa (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea). Its manufactures include iron and steel, chemicals, and textiles. The city was captured (A.D.
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) to the Saracens, Christian refugees greatly increased the city's wealth. The seat (15th–16th cent.) of the Venetian governors of Cyprus, it was strongly fortified by the Venetians; the governor's palace, the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, and many churches testify to its medieval splendor. As a British naval base the city was heavily bombed in World War II, and from 1946 to 1948 a British internment camp for illegal Jewish immigrants to Palestine was maintained near the city. Famagusta is thought to be the scene of Acts II through V of Shakespeare's Othello.

Famagusta

a port in E Cyprus, on Famagusta Bay: became one of the richest cities in Christendom in the 14th century. Pop.: 67 167 (1994)
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Famagusta municipality is in constant contact with the competent state authorities and the United Nations, and is monitoring the issue closely and making use of every means at its disposal to avert new faits accomplis in the fenced-off area of Famagusta," an announcement said.
Art and archaeology historians and other historians examine the maritime aspects of the port of Famagusta in Cyprus under its many rulers from the 10th century to the 20th.
Dherynia, in the east, is only two kilometres away from the Turkish occupied town of Famagusta.
"No?" "The armed guards aren't protecting anything in Famagusta."
The Cypriot president calls for the opening of Varosha, a ghost town on the outskirts of Famagusta right on the Mediterranean Sea that was fenced off by the Turkish military after the invasion in 1974.
BEIRUT: The first tourist sea transportation service between the northern coastal city of Tripoli and the port town of Famagusta on the Turkish side of the island of Cyprus was launched Tuesday.
UEFA Cup First Round, First Leg: Aberdeen 0 Dnipro 0, Everton 1 FC Metalist Kharkiv 1, Larissa 2 Blackburn 0, Tottenham 6 Anorthosis Famagusta 1, Rabotnicki Kometal 1 Bolton 1.
After a couple of early scares - including when Famagusta player-coach Temur Ketsbaia hit the post with a 30-yard thunderbolt - Gers' nerves were eased by Buffel in 38 minutes.
Former striker Ketsbaia, who made 108 appearances for United between 1997-2000, is now in charge of Cyprus outfit Anorthosis Famagusta, who host the Scottish champions in tonight's qualifying tie.
Brave, resourceful, and energetic; his defense of Famagusta, though ultimately unsuccessful, was as skillful and determined.