Family Member

Also found in: Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Family Member


in jurisprudence, a person who has the rights and bears the duties that are based on family relations.

Soviet legislation does not provide a set definition of a family member. The norms of various branches of Soviet law, proceeding from the purposes of legal regulation and the nature of the relations regulated, give legal weight to various circumstances that determine the character of the relationship a person has with a family. These circumstances include kinship, dependence, joint residence with other family members, and the maintenance of a common household.

Legislation dealing with marriage and the family establishes the personal and property rights and duties of family members; the right to receive support payments is among these rights. Civil legislation determines the rights and duties of family members regarding, for example, inheritance and housing. Legislation on labor and social insurance covers the rights of family members to receive financial support or a pension in case of the loss or incapacitation of the breadwinner. Kolkhoz legislation establishes the mutual rights and obligations of family members with respect to the joint property of the family or kolkhoz household.

In certain circumstances, people enjoy various benefits or privileges, as established by law, by virtue of being members of a given family. For example, a person is entitled to receive a moving allowance if a member of his family is being transferred to a new place of work. In accordance with Article 34 of the Law on Universal Military Obligation of Oct. 12, 1967, a person enjoys the right to delay a call to active military service for reasons concerning members of his family.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An investigation has found that over the past decade around PS3.5m has been paid to the family members of AMs from the public purse.
Forgiveness and asking for forgiveness are crucial elements in reconnecting and reconciling with an estranged family member.
When your family member has special needs, you have an extra roster of must-do's to be a good guardian of your family.
The family member said doctors had informed them they had detected signs of Evelyn being brain dead on Friday morning.
They have a stake in the business the same as any other family member, and often can bring forth an "outsider's" perspective since they are not as close to the issues at hand.
Hospitalization of persons with mental illness may cause their family members to experience multiple stressors that stem from the hospitalization as well as from the duties of helping him or her.
I challenge every DAV Auxiliary member to sign up one extended family member. Numbers count, especially when we are meeting with Congress.
It is with this in mind that the decision of entering into a therapeutic relationship with a family member will be made.
The education of family members should not be limited to formal education through school and university.
To explore the experience of being a nurse family member during the hospitalization of a critically ill loved one.
The position of the American Medical Association (AMA) clearly means: "Thou shalt NOT care for thy family member." In actuality, the AMA does not state it so forcefully, but rather disguises its injunction as an "ethical position."