# Family of Surfaces

## Family of Surfaces

a set of surfaces that are dependent in a continuous manner on one or more parameters. Analytically, a family of surfaces can be defined by the one equation

(1) F(x, y, z, C1, C2,…,Cn) = 0

or by the three equations

x = Φ(u, v, C1C2,…, Cn)

(2) y = ψ(u, v, C1, C2,…, Cn)

z = X(u, v, C1, C2,…, Cn)

If the parameters Ci are assigned particular numerical values, then equations (1) and (2) become the equations of one surface in the family of surfaces. The functions F, Φ, ψ, and X are usually required to have continuous partial derivatives with respect to all the arguments.

The concept of an envelope plays an important role in the study of one- and two-parameter families of surfaces. The envelope of a one-parameter family of planes is called a developable surface (seeRULED SURFACE).

References in periodicals archive ?
 expressed a family of surfaces from a given spacelike or timelike asymptotic curve using the Frenet trihedron frame of the curve in Minkowski 3-space [E.sup.3.sub.1].
For the case when the marching-scale functions a(s, t), b(s, t), and c(s, t) depend only on the parameter t, if we choose l(s) = m(s) = n(s) = 1, then the corresponding family of surfaces with the common isoasymptotic becomes
 Oguiso, K.: Seshadri constants in a family of surfaces. Math.
System of (12) expresses family of surfaces with four parameters:

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