Fan Noli

Noli, Fan

 

(also Fan Stilian Noli). Born Jan. 6, 1882, in Ibriktepe, near Edirne; died Mar. 13, 1965, in the USA. Albanian public and political figure, statesman, poet, and translator.

Noli graduated from Harvard University in 1912 and from the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston in 1938. In 1945 he received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Boston University. In 1903, Noli became an ardent supporter of the Albanian people’s struggle for national liberation. In 1906 he emigrated to the USA, where he helped to organize the Pan-Albanian federation Vatra (Hearth) and founded the newspaper Dielli. In 1908 he became a priest, and in 1919–20 he served as bishop of the Albanian Orthodox Church in America.

In 1920, Noli returned to Albania, where he became a deputy to the parliament, minister of foreign affairs, and leader of the antigovernment opposition. In 1923 he became the metropolitan of Durrës. In 1924, Noli headed the democratic government that had come to power as a result of the victorious bourgeois democratic revolution of 1924. After A. Zogu’s coup d’etat in December 1924, Noli emigrated to Western Europe, later settling in the USA, where he became metropolitan of the Albanian Orthodox Church. At the beginning of the 1930’s he retired from political life.

Noli is the author of a work on the history of Albania (George Kastrioti Skanderbeg, 1947), patriotic and lyrical verse, and Beethoven and the French Revolution (1947). He translated works by Shakespeare, Cervantes, Longfellow, and Omar Khayyam into Albanian.

WORKS

Vepra të plota, vols. 1–7. Priština, 1968.
Fiftieth Anniversary of the Albanian Orthodox Church in America: 1908–1958. Boston, 1960.

REFERENCE

Smirnova, N. D. “Albanskii ‘Krasnyi episkop’ Fan Noli.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1973, no. 3.

N. D. SMIRNOVA

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Butel citizens started protesting afterwards, and demanded providing conditions for the construction of the cross, and replacing the two-headed eagle with a statue of Fan Noli, the founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church.
Austin, in this new study has sought to remedy this, and in a clear and convincing account centred around the brief period of rule of the American Orthodox priest Fan Noli, shows how tribal chieftain Ahmet Zogu--with his base in the central Mati region where large landowning Bey domains continued after 1918--was able to destabilize the country and secure his rule with Serbian and White Russian help.
The strongest parts of Austin's study are those which situate Fan Noli as a product of the established and progressive Albanian Diaspora in the United States, with its centre of gravity in and around New England, and in the city of Boston in particular.
Early-twentieth-century verse "Dans les affres de l'independance" is represented in chapter 5 by the classic poets Filip Shiroka, Andon Zako-Cajupi, Ndre Mjedja, Gjergj Fishta, Asdreni, and Fan Noli, and in chapter 6, "La vague des annees trente," by Ali Asllani, Lasgush Poradeci, Migjeni, Petro Marko, Shevqet Musaraj, and Veli Stafa.
George Cathedral in Boston, where Fan Noli celebrated the first Divine Liturgy in the Albanian language in the history of the Orthodox Church, on March 22, 1908.
Several days ago, Todor Petrov requested a construction of a statue devoted to Fan Noli, founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church in 1024 located between Cair and Butel Municipalities, to serve as the "long hand of cohabitation between these two municipalities", stressing that he won't file charges against the people who beat him.
Among those under study here are Luigj Gurakuqi (1879-1925), Fan Noli (1882-1965), Gjergj Fishta (1871-1940), Petro Marko (1913-91), and Sterjo Spasse (1918-89).