Fan Noli

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Noli, Fan


(also Fan Stilian Noli). Born Jan. 6, 1882, in Ibriktepe, near Edirne; died Mar. 13, 1965, in the USA. Albanian public and political figure, statesman, poet, and translator.

Noli graduated from Harvard University in 1912 and from the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston in 1938. In 1945 he received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Boston University. In 1903, Noli became an ardent supporter of the Albanian people’s struggle for national liberation. In 1906 he emigrated to the USA, where he helped to organize the Pan-Albanian federation Vatra (Hearth) and founded the newspaper Dielli. In 1908 he became a priest, and in 1919–20 he served as bishop of the Albanian Orthodox Church in America.

In 1920, Noli returned to Albania, where he became a deputy to the parliament, minister of foreign affairs, and leader of the antigovernment opposition. In 1923 he became the metropolitan of Durrës. In 1924, Noli headed the democratic government that had come to power as a result of the victorious bourgeois democratic revolution of 1924. After A. Zogu’s coup d’etat in December 1924, Noli emigrated to Western Europe, later settling in the USA, where he became metropolitan of the Albanian Orthodox Church. At the beginning of the 1930’s he retired from political life.

Noli is the author of a work on the history of Albania (George Kastrioti Skanderbeg, 1947), patriotic and lyrical verse, and Beethoven and the French Revolution (1947). He translated works by Shakespeare, Cervantes, Longfellow, and Omar Khayyam into Albanian.


Vepra të plota, vols. 1–7. Priština, 1968.
Fiftieth Anniversary of the Albanian Orthodox Church in America: 1908–1958. Boston, 1960.


Smirnova, N. D. “Albanskii ‘Krasnyi episkop’ Fan Noli.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1973, no. 3.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Butel citizens started protesting afterwards, and demanded providing conditions for the construction of the cross, and replacing the two-headed eagle with a statue of Fan Noli, the founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church.
The strongest parts of Austin's study are those which situate Fan Noli as a product of the established and progressive Albanian Diaspora in the United States, with its centre of gravity in and around New England, and in the city of Boston in particular.
More within the mainstream of the Albanian tradition are the nineteenth-century writers of La Renaissance nationale in chapter 4: Jeronim De Rada, Gavril Dara i Riu, Zef Serembe, and of course Naim Frasheri, whom most Albanians regard as their "national poet." Early-twentieth-century verse "Dans les affres de l'independance" is represented in chapter 5 by the classic poets Filip Shiroka, Andon Zako-Cajupi, Ndre Mjedja, Gjergj Fishta, Asdreni, and Fan Noli, and in chapter 6, "La vague des annees trente," by Ali Asllani, Lasgush Poradeci, Migjeni, Petro Marko, Shevqet Musaraj, and Veli Stafa.
Several days ago, Todor Petrov requested a construction of a statue devoted to Fan Noli, founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church in 1024 located between Cair and Butel Municipalities, to serve as the "long hand of cohabitation between these two municipalities", stressing that he won't file charges against the people who beat him.
Among those under study here are Luigj Gurakuqi (1879-1925), Fan Noli (1882-1965), Gjergj Fishta (1871-1940), Petro Marko (1913-91), and Sterjo Spasse (1918-89).