caladium

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caladium

(kəlā`dēəm): see arumarum,
common name for the Araceae, a plant family mainly composed of species of herbaceous terrestrial and epiphytic plants found in moist to wet habitats of the tropics and subtropics; some are native to temperate zones.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caladium

 

a genus of plants of the family Araceae. They are perennial herbs with a tuberous rhizome and sagittate or oblong leaves. The flowers are unisexual, without a perianth, and are gathered into a spadix (with pistillate flowers at the base, stami-nate flowers higher up, and a sterile part of the spadix above them), which is surrounded by a convolute white spathe. The fruit is a berry with several seeds. There are approximately 15 species, which grow in the rain forests of tropical America. Some species (for example, C. bicolor, C. marmoratum, and C. pic-turatum) are cultivated and have given rise to many horticultural varieties with different leaf shapes and colors.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.