Farah Antun

Farah Antun


(Farah ibn Antun ibn Ilyas Antun). Born 1874 in Tripoli, Libya; died July 3, 1922, in Cairo. Arabic writer and enlightenment figure of Egypt.

Farah Antun graduated from the Kefti Orthodox School in Lebanon in 1890 and moved to Egypt in 1897. From 1899 to 1906 he published the journal al-Jamiah (The Community) in Alexandria. The journal contributed to the formation of a secular ideology in Egyptian culture. Farah Antun won world renown for his work Avicenna and His Philosophy (1903), which criticized official religion from the standpoint of deism.

Farah Antun, one of the first figures in modern Arabic culture to denounce blind adherence to the traditional norms of classical literature, propagated the principles of French romanticism. His Utopian novels Religion, Knowledge, and Capital, or The Three Cities (1901), Beast! Beast! Beast! (1903), and The New Jerusalem, or the Capture of Jerusalem by the Arabs (1905) combine the philosophical and religious teachings of J. E. Renan with the concepts of such diverse thinkers as the writers of the French Enlightenment, the Utopians, and K. Marx.

Farah Antun was the author of Egypt’s first original realistic social drama, New and Old Egypt (1913). He translated works by F. R. Chateaubriand and L. N. Tolstoy into Arabic, as well as the early writings of M. Gorky.


Krymskii, A. E. Istoriia novoi arabskoi literatury. Moscow, 1971. Pages 642–62.
Dolinina, A. A. Ocherki istorii arabskoi literatury novogo vremeni. Moscow, 1973. Pages 158–244.
Kotsarev, N. K. Pisateli Egipta. Moscow, 1975. Pages 54–56.
Dagher Asad. Masadir al-dirasah al-adabiyah. Beirut, 1956. Pages 147–49.


References in periodicals archive ?
Ya'qub Sarruf, Najlb al-Haddad, and Farah Antun used Scott's literature of moral values and produced political, ethical instructions for a growing Arab public sphere.
The authors and translators at the center of this study are Najlb al-Haddad (1867-1899), Ya'qub Sarruf (1852-1927), and Farah Antun (1874-1922).
Literary stars such as Mikhail Naimy, Khalil Jubran, Farah Antun, Elia Abu Madi and Ameen Rihani all spent significant and productive periods living in New York City.
"Evolutionary Socialism", the sixth chapter of the book, focuses on broader social, intellectual, and political currents which informed the reading of Darwin in Egypt through a number of thinkers, such as Farah Antun, Mustafa al-Mansuri, and Salama Musa who were less influential than other protagonists of the book, but who, nevertheless had a place in the making of the intellectual discourse.
Farah examines the works of Farah Antun, Mayy Ziadah, and Abdul Rahman al-Kawakibi, who each spent varying amounts of time in Egypt, though Antun was also briefly in the United States.
Among others whose works and thought are studied in this volume are Butrus Al Bustani, Shidyaq, Marrash, Adib Ishaq, Qasim Amin, Farah Antun, Shumayyil, Zaydan, Abd Al Raziq, Lutfi Al Sayyid, Kawakibi, Salama Musa, Kurd' Ali, Rihani, and Taha Husayn.
In particular, French historian Gabriel Hanotaux and Lebanese-Egyptian journalist Farah Antun criticized Islam from a rationalist and secular perspective.
Reid, The Odyssey of Farah Antun: A Syrian Christian's Quest for Secularism (Chicago: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1975), pp.80-90.
Choueiri states that "Arab nationalism was alien to both al-Tahtawi and al-Bustani, in addition to Abduh, Adib Ishaq, Shibli al-Shumayyil, Farah Antun, al-Kawakibi and Mustafa Kamil" (p.
Most of these are reprints of publications that had challenged the traditional Islamic outlook on society, law and culture, such as Taha Husayn's Mustaqbal al-Thaqafa fi Misr, Salama Musa's Ma Hiya al-Nahda, Farah Antun's Falsafat Ibn Rushd, Ali Abd al-Raziq's al-Islam wa 'Usul al-Hukm, and the like.
That is why when Farah Antun's book, Ibn Rushd wa Falsafatuhu, one of the first reprints by the Enlightenment Society, was published in 1903, al-Manir magazine accused him of blaspheming Islam and its ulema.
Badawi focuses on what he considers to be four pivotal figures of this period: Farah Antun (of Syro-Lebanese origin, a fact not mentioned by Badawi here), Ibrahim Ramzi, Muhammad Taymur and Antun Yazbak.