Farkas Wolfgang Kempelen

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kempelen, Farkas Wolfgang


Born Jan. 23, 1734, in Pozsony (Bratislava); died Mar. 26, 1804, in Vienna. Hungarian engineer and inventor.

Kempelen is known chiefly for his inventions of various automatic devices, including a typewriter for the blind and a mechanical chess player (1769), and for his hydraulic engineering works, notably the technically complicated fountain in the park of Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna (1772). Kempelen also prepared the plans for a canal connecting the Danube with the Adriatic Sea.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.