Farnese Bull

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Farnese Bull,

sculptured group representing Zethus and Amphion, sons of Antiope, tying Dirce (who had ill-treated their mother) to an enraged bull. The sculpture is generally considered to have been executed by Apollonius of Tralles and his brother Tauriscus in the 1st or 2d cent. B.C. A copy made in the early 3d cent. A.D. decorated the Baths of Caracalla. This copy, with incorrect restorations, was later in the Farnese Palace and is now in the National Museum, Naples.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The colossal Farnese Bull, which had been excavated in the Baths of Caracalla in 1545, was widely celebrated in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The Farnese Bull found in 1545 at the Baths of Caracalla, for instance, was initially given titles related to Hercules.
Some of its surviving products -- the Victory of Samothrace, the Laocoon, the Belvedere Torso, the Venus de Milo, the Dying Gaul, the Farnese Bull, the Barberini Faun--are among the most familiar images in Western art.
Best known for his casts of the models made by his master Giambologna, Susini probably cast this from the piece moulds produced in 1613 by his uncle Antonio Susini, Giambologna's principal bronze caster, who is known to have made several bronze statuettes of the Farnese Bull. The original, discovered in the Baths of Caracalla in 1546, illustrates the story of Zethus and Amphion, the twin builders of Thebes, who tied their stepmother Dirce to the horns of a wild bull to punish her for tormenting their mother Antiope.

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