Faeroese

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Faeroese

, Faroese
the chief language of the Faeroes, closely related to Icelandic, although they are not mutually intelligible

Faeroese

 

a people, the principal population of the Faeroe Islands. The Faeroese number 35,000 people (1975, estimate) on the islands and 5,000 in other parts of Denmark. They speak the Faeroese language. Believers are Lutherans. The Faeroese are descendants of Vikings, who settled on the islands in the ninth and tenth centuries. Their chief occupation is fishing; the traditional occupation, from the time of Viking settlement, is sheep raising. Other occupations are farming, the catching of seabirds and whaling. The Faeroese have preserved the traditional dwellings, clothing, and utensils.

REFERENCES

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
Anokhin, G. I. Na ostrovakh dozhdei. Moscow, 1966.

Faeroese

 

the language of the Faeroese people, who inhabit the Faeroe Islands, an autonomous region of Denmark. Since 1938, Faeroese has been the official language of the Faeroe Islands; it is spoken by more than 35,000 people (1975, estimate).

Faeroese derives from the language of the Norsemen who emigrated from southwestern Norway and colonized the Faeroe Islands in the ninth and tenth centuries. It belongs to the northern, or Scandinavian, group of Germanic languages and most nearly resembles Icelandic and the western Norwegian dialects. Like Icelandic, it differs from other Scandinavian languages in its archaic morphology. The lexicon has been strongly influenced by Danish. Until the early 19th century, Faeroese remained an unwritten language; the earliest records of Faeroese are folk ballads written down in the late 18th century. In 1846, V. U. Hammer-shaimb developed an orthography based on the Latin alphabet. Faeroese was first taught in the schools in the early 20th century.

REFERENCES

Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Istoriia skandinavskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Lockwood, W. B. An Introduction to Modern Faroese. Copenhagen, 1955.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
I joined in, wrapping my mouth around the difficult Faroese vowels.
Islanders speak Faroese, Danish, and English, though a strong ongoing debate about independence from Denmark seems to see some enthusiasm for Danish fading.
Peter said: "We have told the Faroese police and the Faroese people from the get go that we weren't just going to stand by and document this taking place.
Restrictions are also imposed on the use of EU ports by Faroese ships, except for those in distress.
for approximately 12% (or DKK 640 million) of Faroese exports of goods in
4% by the end of 2010, which which is relatively high in Faroese terms.
On a Craigslist-like Faroese Facebook group called R6tikassin (which translates roughly as "jumble sale") pilot whale is listed for sometimes-substantial amounts of money.
The transaction was conditioned on a number of factors including clearance by the Faroese insurance and competition authorities, compliance with regulatory requirements, as well as changes to the companya[euro](tm)s structure.
There are already plans for a spinning factory to make products from 100 per cent Faroese wool ('Currently half of it is thrown away by local farmers,' says Biskupsto), and a rope-making centre on Skuvoy, where the residents once watched their grandparents weave ropes from wool, horsehair and other materials.
In Martin Jol's first match as manager, Fulham took their first step towards further Europa League success with a comfortable victory against Faroese minnows NSI Runavik.
Dreampark, a provider of TV middleware, said today that it will provide its next-generation TV middleware solution to Faroese Telecom.