Fars


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Fars

(färs) or

Farsistan

(färsĭstän`), province (1991 pop. 3,543,828), c.51,500 sq mi (133,400 sq km), SW Iran. ShirazShiraz
, city (1991 pop. 965,117), capital of Fars prov., SW Iran, at an altitude of c.5,200 ft (1,580 m). It is a commercial and industrial center and has long been known for its wines, carpets, and metalwork.
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 is the capital and chief city, located in an oasis occupying a valley c.6 mi (10 km) wide and 20 mi (32 km) long. The province is largely mountainous. Grain, cotton, tobacco, opium, fruit, and wine are produced along the coastal Persian Gulf area. Livestock is raised. Oil and natural gas reserves have stimulated the local economy. Industries include food processing and the manufacture of chemicals, fertilizers, and textiles. The population is mostly organized by tribe; the leading tribes are the Qashqai and the Khamseh. One of the most historic regions of Iran, Fars is more or less identical with the ancient province of Pars, which was the nucleus of the Persian Empire. The ruins of PasargadaePasargadae
, capital of ancient Persia under Cyrus the Great. Its ruins lie 54 mi (87 km) by road NE of Persepolis, in present Iran. The buildings of Cyrus include a temple in the form of a tower; the remains of his palace; and his tomb, a structure of white stone 18 ft (5.
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 and PersepolisPersepolis
[Gr.,=city of Persia], ancient city of Persia, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire under Darius I and his successors. The administrative capitals were elsewhere, notably at Susa and Babylon.
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, early Persian capitals, are in Fars. The Arabs changed the name Pars to Fars after they conquered the region in the 7th cent.

Fars

 

a historical region in southern Iran. It was known in antiquity as Persis in ancient Greek and as Parsa in Old Persian; Fars is an Arabic form of the latter. In the seventh century the Arabs conquered Fars and destroyed its capital, Istakhr. In the late seventh century the region became a center of the Kharijite movement. Fars served as the nucleus of the states of the Buyid, Salghurid, Muzaffarid, and Zand dynasties, all of which located their capital in Shiraz.

References in periodicals archive ?
The distribution of the Leishmania species in different areas of Fars Province was different (table 1).
Fars said it had asked Morsy whether, if elected, his first state visit would be to Riyadh, to which he replied: "I didn't say such a thing and until now my first international visits following my victory in the elections have not been determined.
Zulfiqar Khosa invited Governor General Fars to visit Lahore along with a delegation of relevant officials and businessmen which the Governor accepted and said he will soon visit Lahore to explore opportunities for trade and investment.
Fars said the trial, taking place behind closed doors before a revolutionary court in the Iranian capital, started with the prosecutor saying Hekmati was charged with cooperating "with the hostile US government and the US espionage services of the CIA.
The two sides agreed on joint and practical efforts to increase cooperation between government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fars in different sectors.
TEHRAN: Iran has yet to decide who will head its delegation at this week's meeting of OPEC oil producers, its OPEC governor was quoted as saying Sunday by the Fars news agency.
The United Arab Emirates has today signed an agreement to import gas from Iran, a report from Fars News has stated.
The official Fars news agency reported that Saeedi, a representative of the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, said that these countries protect the front lines of the "global Islamic Revolution.
At least 19 people have been wounded by a blast outside a prison in the southwest Iranian city of Ilam, the semi-official Fars news agency has reported.
Summary: Iran on Sunday expelled a Greek steward working for a domestic airline after he argued with flight passengers over a "Persian Gulf" naming row, Fars news agency reported.
The genesis of Babi-Bahai faiths in Shiraz and Fars.