Fars


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Fars

(färs) or

Farsistan

(färsĭstän`), province (1991 pop. 3,543,828), c.51,500 sq mi (133,400 sq km), SW Iran. ShirazShiraz
, city (1991 pop. 965,117), capital of Fars prov., SW Iran, at an altitude of c.5,200 ft (1,580 m). It is a commercial and industrial center and has long been known for its wines, carpets, and metalwork.
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 is the capital and chief city, located in an oasis occupying a valley c.6 mi (10 km) wide and 20 mi (32 km) long. The province is largely mountainous. Grain, cotton, tobacco, opium, fruit, and wine are produced along the coastal Persian Gulf area. Livestock is raised. Oil and natural gas reserves have stimulated the local economy. Industries include food processing and the manufacture of chemicals, fertilizers, and textiles. The population is mostly organized by tribe; the leading tribes are the Qashqai and the Khamseh. One of the most historic regions of Iran, Fars is more or less identical with the ancient province of Pars, which was the nucleus of the Persian Empire. The ruins of PasargadaePasargadae
, capital of ancient Persia under Cyrus the Great. Its ruins lie 54 mi (87 km) by road NE of Persepolis, in present Iran. The buildings of Cyrus include a temple in the form of a tower; the remains of his palace; and his tomb, a structure of white stone 18 ft (5.
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 and PersepolisPersepolis
[Gr.,=city of Persia], ancient city of Persia, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire under Darius I and his successors. The administrative capitals were elsewhere, notably at Susa and Babylon.
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, early Persian capitals, are in Fars. The Arabs changed the name Pars to Fars after they conquered the region in the 7th cent.

Fars

 

a historical region in southern Iran. It was known in antiquity as Persis in ancient Greek and as Parsa in Old Persian; Fars is an Arabic form of the latter. In the seventh century the Arabs conquered Fars and destroyed its capital, Istakhr. In the late seventh century the region became a center of the Kharijite movement. Fars served as the nucleus of the states of the Buyid, Salghurid, Muzaffarid, and Zand dynasties, all of which located their capital in Shiraz.

References in periodicals archive ?
The mean value for the width of the splenium in Turkmen subjects was significantly higher than native Fars subjects (P < 0.033).
The distribution of the Leishmania species in different areas of Fars Province was different (table 1).
Fars said Iran released another Saudi fishing boat and its four crew members after it briefly seized the boat and its crew earlier in January.
In turn, director of the FARS office in Damascus Rafik Lutf said that their priority will be covering the events in Syria and supporting the Syrian people, adding that FARS will sign a cooperation agreement with the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) and several other media outlets including al-Ikhbairya TV to exchange news, reports and photos.
"Although it does not justify our mistake, we do believe that if a free opinion poll is conducted in the US, a majority of Americans would prefer anyone outside the US political system to President Barack Obama and American statesmen," Fars said in the statement.
On its web page, Fars published a transcript and an audio of the conversation.
Zulfiqar Khosa invited Governor General Fars to visit Lahore along with a delegation of relevant officials and businessmen which the Governor accepted and said he will soon visit Lahore to explore opportunities for trade and investment.
Fars said the trial, taking place behind closed doors before a revolutionary court in the Iranian capital, started with the prosecutor saying Hekmati was charged with cooperating "with the hostile US government and the US espionage services of the CIA."
A Pakistani delegation headed by Hoti arrived in Fars Province to review ties between Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fars.
"The fleet entered the Gulf of Aden region in May and has now entered the Red Sea in the continuation of its mission," Fars said.
Summary: Iran has yet to decide who will head its delegation at this week's meeting of OPEC oil producers, its OPEC governor was quoted as saying Sunday by the Fars news agency.
The United Arab Emirates has today signed an agreement to import gas from Iran, a report from Fars News has stated.