Fars

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Fars

(färs) or

Farsistan

(färsĭstän`), province (1991 pop. 3,543,828), c.51,500 sq mi (133,400 sq km), SW Iran. ShirazShiraz
, city (1991 pop. 965,117), capital of Fars prov., SW Iran, at an altitude of c.5,200 ft (1,580 m). It is a commercial and industrial center and has long been known for its wines, carpets, and metalwork.
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 is the capital and chief city, located in an oasis occupying a valley c.6 mi (10 km) wide and 20 mi (32 km) long. The province is largely mountainous. Grain, cotton, tobacco, opium, fruit, and wine are produced along the coastal Persian Gulf area. Livestock is raised. Oil and natural gas reserves have stimulated the local economy. Industries include food processing and the manufacture of chemicals, fertilizers, and textiles. The population is mostly organized by tribe; the leading tribes are the Qashqai and the Khamseh. One of the most historic regions of Iran, Fars is more or less identical with the ancient province of Pars, which was the nucleus of the Persian Empire. The ruins of PasargadaePasargadae
, capital of ancient Persia under Cyrus the Great. Its ruins lie 54 mi (87 km) by road NE of Persepolis, in present Iran. The buildings of Cyrus include a temple in the form of a tower; the remains of his palace; and his tomb, a structure of white stone 18 ft (5.
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 and PersepolisPersepolis
[Gr.,=city of Persia], ancient city of Persia, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire under Darius I and his successors. The administrative capitals were elsewhere, notably at Susa and Babylon.
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, early Persian capitals, are in Fars. The Arabs changed the name Pars to Fars after they conquered the region in the 7th cent.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fars

 

a historical region in southern Iran. It was known in antiquity as Persis in ancient Greek and as Parsa in Old Persian; Fars is an Arabic form of the latter. In the seventh century the Arabs conquered Fars and destroyed its capital, Istakhr. In the late seventh century the region became a center of the Kharijite movement. Fars served as the nucleus of the states of the Buyid, Salghurid, Muzaffarid, and Zand dynasties, all of which located their capital in Shiraz.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rahimi said that Fars Province is ready to host 2022 World Cup tourists.
According to congenital hypothyroidism guideline from Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, (10) from 2005, all neonates born in Fars Province should be screened regarding CH.
This retrospective cross-sectional study recorded all live births in Fars province, Iran, from March 2014 to October 2017.
"The total capacity of the power plants will be 70 MW and will be built in Abadeh and Izad-Khast; both located in northern Fars Province," Babak Daei, director general of Economic Affairs and Finance Department of Fars Province was quoted as saying in the report.
Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the Fars province of Iran and comprised data of all people having died in road traffic accidents from March 21, 2011, to March 19, 2012.
Considering breast cancer prevalence in the Fars province and the necessity of mammography and sonography, this study has been conducted to show the financial cost of mammography and sonography screening program for preventive and curative procedures among women with the age of 25 and over in Shiraz-Iran.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is due to cooperate with Iran in setting up a water research center in the Southern province of Fars, FNA reported referring to Governor General of Fars province Seyed Mohammad Ahmadi after a meeting with Director-General of UNESCO Irina Bokova.
Fars province is the fifth largest province, covering an area of 122,608 [km.sup.2] and located between latitudes 27[degrees] 03' and 31[degrees] 40' and longitudes 50[degrees] 36' and 55[degrees] 35' in the southwest of Iran.
By production of 15 thousand barrels of oil per day from the two oil fields, not only the country will earn 1.5 million dollars per day but Fars province will be changed into an oil producing province for the first time.
For detailed lithofacies analysis, a 2266 m thick section was measured in SW of Sarvestan in the Fars Province. In this section, 17 lithofacies and 6 architectural elements were identified.
LAHORE -- In the second phase of his official tour of Iran, Punjab delegation led by Senior Advisor to Chief Minister, Senator Zulfiqar Ali Khosa visited Shiraz and held meeting with Hossein Sadegh Abedin, Governor General of Fars Province.