Persian language

(redirected from Farsi language)

Persian language,

member of the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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 languages). The official language of Iran, it has about 38 million speakers in Iran and another 8 million in Afghanistan. Historically the Persian language falls into three periods: Old, Middle, and Modern. Old Persian is known chiefly from cuneiform inscriptions dating from the time of the Achaemenid kings of ancient Persia (6th–4th cent. B.C.). Old Persian was highly inflected, as was Avestan, which is regarded by some as a form of Old Persian and by others as a separate tongue. Avestan was the language of the sacred texts of ZoroastrianismZoroastrianism
, religion founded by Zoroaster, but with many later accretions. Scriptures

Zoroastrianism's scriptures are the Avesta or the Zend Avesta [Pahlavi avesta=law, zend=commentary].
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 that are known as the Avesta (probably composed c.7th–5th cent. B.C.). Middle Persian derives directly from Old Persian. Also called Pahlavi, Middle Persian prevailed under the Sassanid, or Sassanian, rulers of Persia (3d–7th cent. A.D.). Grammatically, much simplification of inflection took place in Middle Persian, which was recorded both in an Aramaic alphabet and in a script called Pahlavi. Middle Persian also had a noteworthy literature of Manichaean and Zoroastrian texts. The modern form of Persian evolved directly from Middle Persian and may be said to have begun in the 9th or 10th cent. A.D. It has not changed much since that date. The grammar of Modern Persian is comparatively simple. The inflection of nouns and verbs has been greatly reduced since the ancient stage of the language. A number of Arabic words were added to the vocabulary as the result of the conquest of the Persians by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th cent. A.D. Modern Persian is the medium of an old and great literature and is written in a modification of the Arabic alphabet. Modern Persian is also known as Fārsī.

Bibliography

See R. G. Kent, Old Persian (1950); A. K. S. Lambton, Persian Grammar (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Farsi language Twitter accounts of the official IRNA and semiofficial Mehr news agencies were inaccessible on Saturday [File: Matt Rourke/AP] CAIRO -- 21 July 2019: Twitter has suspended the accounts of several Iranian state media outlets.
Khamenehi concluded, "Intrusive words keep entering into the Farsi language and they are being used repeatedly.
When the British woman, originally from Iran, discovered that her ex-husband had re-married after seeing photos of the couple on Facebook, she posted the comments in her native Farsi language, branding him an "idiot" and his new wife a "horse".
The Iranian cultural center is offering courses in Farsi language, computer, painting and tailoring and the classes were visited by the Iranian cultural attaches after the opening ceremony.
"The division of the Farsi language into Dari, Farsi and Tajiki is contrary to the reality of our common language and the vast expanse of our common culture and civilization," Abdul Hai Khurasani, a scholar and former aide to the late Mujahideen commander Ahmad Shah Massoud wrote in a letter to the director general of the BBC World Service which he posted on Facebook.
Additionally, a network of highly relevant Farsi language channels enables Yahlive to have the highest retention ratio of 82% in the market.
The country isn't easy to travel to, thanks to a pretty stringent visa policy, and to understand the country, cul- ture and people you need to have a basic grasp of the Farsi language. For the uninitiated, digi- tal media offers a fascinating window into the Islamic Republic.
Saudi Arabia said on Sunday that it had launched a new television channel to broadcast the hajj rituals in the Farsi language of Iran.
It means the classes can continue to foster cultural identity through teaching the Farsi language.
In the category of major new film and film artists, Lorber is especially high on Ana Lily Amirpour's "A Girl Walks Home Alone at Night," which he describes as "an astounding Gothic nouvelle vampire movie" and compares Amirpour to "Lynch and Jarmusch." "It's perfect for us," says Lorber, who calls it "a stunning, luminous black-and-white film in that's in the Farsi language but shot in Los Angeles.
"With the support of Iranian Embassy led by Ali Akbar Sibeveih, the Iranian Ambassador to Oman, we were able to launch the Farsi language section in the website," said Hamoud Al Azri, the website's general supervisor.
He explained that the misinterpretation of the spokesman's remarks had been unprofessional, adding that: "The selection of the title (of the published story) and subject in this inappropriate way and the distortion of the statements made by the spokesman, whether intentionally or unintentionally, raise doubts about the intentions behind this." The denial was posted on all Iranian websites including the websites of the official News Agency of Iran, Irna, and official Farsi language Iranian radio and television.