Fasching


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Fasching

Between February 2 and March 8; the two days before Ash Wednesday
Known in southwest Germany as Fastnacht, in Bavaria and Austria as Fasching, and as Karneval in the Rhineland, this is a Shrovetide festival that takes place on the two days immediately preceding Ash Wednesday, otherwise known as Rose Monday and Shrove Tuesday. It features processions of masked figures, and is the equivalent of Mardi Gras and the last day of Carnival.
Fastnacht means "eve of the fast," and the wild celebrations that typically take place during this festival are a way of making the most of the last hours before the deprivations of Lent.
In the Black Forest area of southern Germany, these pre-Lenten festivities are called Fastnet . The celebrations date back to the Middle Ages and were developed by craftsmen's guilds. Today's carnival clubs ( Narrenzünfte ) still use the same wooden masks and traditional costumes in their parades as their ancestors did. The rites of Fasnet are distinctive: in Elzach, wooden-masked Schuddig Fools, wearing red costumes and large hats decorated with snail shells, run through the town beating people with blown-up hogs' bladders; in Wolfach, fools stroll around in nightgowns and nightcaps; in Überlinger on the Bodensee and Villingen, they crack long whips, toss fruit and nuts to the children, and wear foxes' tails and smiling wooden masks. Carnival ends with Kehraus, a "sweeping out."
See also Karneval in Cologne
CONTACTS:
German National Tourist Office
122 E. 42nd St., 20th Fl., Ste. 2000
New York, NY 10168
800-651-7010 or 212-661-7200; fax: 212-661-7174
www.cometogermany.com
Austrian National Tourist Office
120 W. 45th St., 9th Fl.
P.O. Box 1142
New York, NY 10036
212-944-6885; fax: 212-730-4568
www.austria.info
SOURCES:
BkFest-1937, pp. 29, 132
BkHolWrld-1986, Feb 25
DictFolkMyth-1984, pp. 192, 370, 977, 1082
EncyEaster-2002, p. 219
FestWestEur-1958, pp. 55, 56
FolkWrldHol-1999, p. 139
RelHolCal-2004, p. 91
References in periodicals archive ?
Fasching cut it to 5-4 with a power-play goal with 3:40 left.
Both Fasching and McGinnis hold degrees in elementary and early childhood education from Central Washington University and have worked for the Wenatchee School District.
Examples include Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Fasching in Munich, and Carnival in Rio, where crowds of people, rendered symbolically anonymous by masks and costumes, may indulge in everything from public drunkenness and ridicule of all authority to sex and sacrilege--but only at this special place and time.
Fasching, and Todd Lewis, World Religions Today, 2nd ed.
French N, Gilks CF, Mujugira A, Fasching C, O'Brien J, Janoff EN.
I believe that Nichol and Rennell successfully demonstrate that Dresden was indeed a legitimate target on that Fasching night, 14 February 1945.
For 400 years, Black Forest villages in this region have hosted noisy Karneval celebrations called Fastnacht or Fasching (Eve of the Beginning of the Fast), drawing hundreds of people dressed in costume.
78) In 1912 there were elections shortly before the traditional festivities of the south German carnival (Fasching), and the Fool Associations (Narrenvereine) and the Carnival Associations (Faschingvereine--clubs which were closely connected with the liberals) exploited the election campaign in order to advertise their appearances in the Fasching, and simultaneously to disseminate strong anticlerical and pro-liberal propaganda.
First, let me thank our hosts here in Bavaria for their always very warm hospitality, although I did notice this conference was scheduled away from Fasching.