Fasching


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Fasching

Between February 2 and March 8; the two days before Ash Wednesday
Known in southwest Germany as Fastnacht, in Bavaria and Austria as Fasching, and as Karneval in the Rhineland, this is a Shrovetide festival that takes place on the two days immediately preceding Ash Wednesday, otherwise known as Rose Monday and Shrove Tuesday. It features processions of masked figures, and is the equivalent of Mardi Gras and the last day of Carnival.
Fastnacht means "eve of the fast," and the wild celebrations that typically take place during this festival are a way of making the most of the last hours before the deprivations of Lent.
In the Black Forest area of southern Germany, these pre-Lenten festivities are called Fastnet . The celebrations date back to the Middle Ages and were developed by craftsmen's guilds. Today's carnival clubs ( Narrenzünfte ) still use the same wooden masks and traditional costumes in their parades as their ancestors did. The rites of Fasnet are distinctive: in Elzach, wooden-masked Schuddig Fools, wearing red costumes and large hats decorated with snail shells, run through the town beating people with blown-up hogs' bladders; in Wolfach, fools stroll around in nightgowns and nightcaps; in Überlinger on the Bodensee and Villingen, they crack long whips, toss fruit and nuts to the children, and wear foxes' tails and smiling wooden masks. Carnival ends with Kehraus, a "sweeping out."
See also Karneval in Cologne
CONTACTS:
German National Tourist Office
122 E. 42nd St., 20th Fl., Ste. 2000
New York, NY 10168
800-651-7010 or 212-661-7200; fax: 212-661-7174
www.cometogermany.com
Austrian National Tourist Office
120 W. 45th St., 9th Fl.
P.O. Box 1142
New York, NY 10036
212-944-6885; fax: 212-730-4568
www.austria.info
SOURCES:
BkFest-1937, pp. 29, 132
BkHolWrld-1986, Feb 25
DictFolkMyth-1984, pp. 192, 370, 977, 1082
EncyEaster-2002, p. 219
FestWestEur-1958, pp. 55, 56
FolkWrldHol-1999, p. 139
RelHolCal-2004, p. 91
References in periodicals archive ?
Fasching cut it to 5-4 with a power-play goal with 3:40 left.
Both Fasching and McGinnis hold degrees in elementary and early childhood education from Central Washington University and have worked for the Wenatchee School District.
Fasching P, Ratheiser K, Waldhausl W, Rohac M, Osterrode W, Nowotny P, et al.
French N, Gilks CF, Mujugira A, Fasching C, O'Brien J, Janoff EN.
I believe that Nichol and Rennell successfully demonstrate that Dresden was indeed a legitimate target on that Fasching night, 14 February 1945.
For 400 years, Black Forest villages in this region have hosted noisy Karneval celebrations called Fastnacht or Fasching (Eve of the Beginning of the Fast), drawing hundreds of people dressed in costume.
78) In 1912 there were elections shortly before the traditional festivities of the south German carnival (Fasching), and the Fool Associations (Narrenvereine) and the Carnival Associations (Faschingvereine--clubs which were closely connected with the liberals) exploited the election campaign in order to advertise their appearances in the Fasching, and simultaneously to disseminate strong anticlerical and pro-liberal propaganda.
First, let me thank our hosts here in Bavaria for their always very warm hospitality, although I did notice this conference was scheduled away from Fasching.
Exploring the sense of moral responsibility of rescuers, Darrell Fasching denies that there is a moral equivalence between the "no choice" claimed by perpetrators and rescuers.
Pupils from Belsay First School, Northumberland, held a German Fasching carnival to mark the start of Lent.
The Brazilians in Rio de Janeiro and the inhabitants of New Orleans go wild at Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday, another reference to using up all the tasty ingredients) and Germany has three days of revelry known as Fasching with Rosenmontag or Rose Monday as the main day of celebrations.