Fashoda Crisis of 1898

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fashoda Crisis of 1898

 

(also Fashoda Question or Fashoda Incident), a conflict between Great Britain and France resulting from their struggle for domination in Egypt. The conflict was provoked by the seizure in July 1898 of the village of Fashoda (now Kodok) on the upper Nile by a French detachment under Captain Marchand. In September 1898, Great Britain demanded the withdrawal of Marchand’s detachment. The French refused. The incident placed Great Britain, which proceeded to make military preparations, “within a hair’s breadth of war with France” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 418). France, which was unprepared for a naval war with Great Britain and which feared the weakening of French positions in Europe, finally yielded. On Nov. 3, 1898, the French government withdrew Marchand’s detachment from Fashoda, thus relinquishing French claims to the Nile valley. Later, under an Anglo-French agreement signed on Mar. 21, 1899, France received certain compensations in Central Africa.

In the aftermath of the Fashoda Crisis, which proved to be the climax in the struggle between Great Britain and France over the partitioning of Africa, Anglo-French conflicts receded in the face of Anglo-German and Franco-German conflicts. These circumstances paved the way for the formation of the Entente.

REFERENCES

Istoriia diplomatii, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Moscow, 1963. Pages 421–41.
Rotshtein, F. A. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia v kontse XIX v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960. Pages 516–33.
Subbotin, V. A. “Anglo-frantsuzskoe stolknovenie v Fashode v 1898 g.” Afrikanskii sbornik: Istoriia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963. Pages 143–69.

V. A. SUBBOTIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.