adipose tissue

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adipose tissue

(ăd`əpōs'): see connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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Adipose Tissue

 

a type of connective tissue in animals, formed from the mesenchyma and consisting of fat cells.

A fat cell, whose specific function is fat accumulation and metabolism, is almost entirely filled with a fat drop surrounded by a ring of cytoplasm. The nucleus is pushed into the periphery. In vertebrates, adipose tissue is found mostly under the skin (subcutaneous), in the omentum, and between organs, forming a soft, elastic padding. The main physiological functions of adipose tissue are to serve as an energy depot (the amount of fat decreases in the cells during starvation and increases when nourishment is increased) and to prevent the body from losing heat. In aquatic mammals living in the cold waters of the arctic and antarctic, the layer of subcutaneous adipose tissue is very thick (as much as 50 cm in some whales). Excessive development of adipose tissue in man leads to obesity.

adipose tissue

[′ad·ə‚pōs ′tish·ü]
(histology)
A type of connective tissue specialized for lipid storage.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the placebo groups, exercise reduced visceral fat tissue mass by an average of 225 grams, or 8 percent, compared with no exercise.
The nanofat was prepared as described in a previous study.[5] The saline-rinsed fat tissue was mechanically emulsified by shifting the fat between two 10 ml syringes connected by Luer Lock connector.
Digital photographs were processed in open-source and free imaging software GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program, The GIMP team, GIMP 2.8.10, www.gimp.org) in order to create colored 'masks' of certain tissue areas (red for myocardial layer, black for perivascular fat tissue, and green for non-perivascular fat tissue) (Figs.
With fat tissue not being able to do its most vital job, which is storing excess calories, the excess energy can be increasingly diverted from fat tissue to vital organs.
Stem cells make up 2 to 10 percent of fat tissue. A cubic centimeter of liposuctioned fat (about one-fifth of a teaspoon) yields 100 times as many stem cells as does the same amount of bone marrow, Tuan says.
They discovered an activin A increase in the blood and fat tissue of the aged mice.
In contrast, the mean concentration of vitamin D in fat tissue increased by 553%.
Fat tissue is one of the sources of therapeutic levels of stem cells.
So, she went back and examined the files for 200 women who had participated in previous studies where she had measured their bone density, muscle mass and fat tissue for different reasons.
Lipodystrophy is reportedly a group of rare syndromes characterised by loss of fat tissue. Generalised lipodystrophy is characterised by a widespread loss of fat tissue under the skin.
There are differences between breeds, with Aberdeen Angus crosses having 25% fat tissue compared with 19% for Limousin crosses.
"Not all fat is bad, but endotrophin happens to be more abundant in unhealthy fat tissue." Scherer points out.