Fatikh Amirkhan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amirkhan, Fatikh Zarifovich


Born Jan. 1 (13), 1886, in Kazan; died there on Mar. 9, 1926. Tatar writer and publicist. Born into a mullah family.

In 1905, Amirkhan participated in the Shakird movement for radical school reforms, for which he was expelled from the madrasah. He founded the radical newspaper El’-islakh (Reform, 1907–09). In his literary and sociopolitical works Amirkhan came out against the remnants of feudalism in daily life, and he depicted the aspiration of Tatar youth for modern life and Russian culture. His works include the novellas Tatar Girl (1909), Fatkhulla khazrat (1909), and At the Crossroads (1912) and the drama Youth (1910). Amirkhan contributed much to the development of Tatar literary criticism, and he struggled for realistic art. After the October Revolution he worked as a journalist.


[Ämirkhan, F. Z.] Saylanma äsärlär, vols. 1–2. Kazan, 1957–58.
In Russian translation:
“Tatarka.” Izbr. proizv. Moscow, 1959.


Gainullin, M. Tatarskaia lit-ra i publitsistika nachala XX veka. Kazan, 1966. Pages 376–394.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An example of this kind of encounter was the friendship among Fatikh Amirkhan, Gafiir Kolakhmetov, and Galiasgar Kamal, which appears to have begun in Kazan in late 1903.
(57) Another example can be seen in the biography of Fatikh Amirkhan (mentioned above).
A thorough education in radical politics and an inclination toward Social Democracy made former shakird writers such as Fatikh Amirkhan, Galimjan Ibrahimov, and Majit Gafuri ready allies to the emerging Soviet state.
(58) Gafier Kolakhmetov, 334; Rizvan Ibrahimov (Alushev), "Fatikh Amirkhan turynda istaleklar," in Fatikh Amirkhan turynda istaleklar, ed.
(61) Ibrahimov (Alushev), "Fatikh Amirkhan turynda istaleklar," 10 (Alushev served as the secretary for the same newspaper).
(62) On Amirkhan's family background, see Mokhammat Mahdiev, "Yanga bista Prometee," in Adabiiat ham Chynbarlyk: XXyoz bashy tatar adabiiaty tarikhyna yanga materiallar (Kazan: Tatarstan kitap nashriiaty, 1987), 32; Ibrahimova and Amirkhan, Fatikh Amirkhan turynda istaleklar, 189.
(68) Fatikh Amirkhan, "Rizvan Alushiga, 1904 el, fevral', Kazan," Fatikh Amirkhan: Sailanma asarlar durt tomda 4, ed.
(92) Fatikh Amirkhan, "Rizvan Alushigam 1906 el, 24 oktiabr', Maskau," Fatikh Amirkhan, 4:232.
(98) Fatikh Amirkhan, "Fatkhulla Khazrat," Fatikh Amirkhan, 2:98-100.
(101) "Kazanda Madrasa-i 'Usmaniyya akhvale," Azat, 7 March 1906, 3; Fatikh Amirkhan, "Rizvan Alushiga, 1904 el, 9 fevral', Kazan," 226.