The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a grotto in the Baidar Valley, in the Crimea, where a Mesolithic habitation site was discovered in 1927. Azilian and Tardenoisian layers were excavated by G. A. Bonch-Osmolovskii (1927) and S. N. Bibikov (1956–58). The finds included microliths (lunates, trapezes, end scrapers, and gravers) and the bones of wild animals and a dog. The remains of a 40-year-old man, placed on his side in a flexed position in a pit covered with rocks, were found in the Tardenoisian layer.


Bibikov, S. N. “Raskopki v navese Fat’ma-Koba i nekotorye voprosy izucheniia mezolita Kryma.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po ar-kheologii SSSR, no. 126. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Arkheologiia Ukrains’koi RSR, vol. 1. Kiev, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.