San Marino Liberation Day

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San Marino Liberation Day (Feast Day of Saint Agatha)

February 5
The Republic of San Marino, a landlocked nation surrounded by Italy, is the smallest republic in the world. It is also the oldest existing state in Europe.
Republic of San Marino was twice occupied by military forces, but only for a few months each time: in 1503 by Cesare Borgia, known as Valentino, and in 1739 by Cardinal Giulio Alberoni. Freedom from Borgia came after the tyrant died, while in the case of Cardinal Alberoni, civil disobedience was used to protest against this abuse of power.
In 1739, Cardinal Alberoni invaded San Marino and occupied the country. For the next several months, the people of San Marino protested the occupation and appealed to the Vatican. Clandestine messages were sent to obtain justice from the Pope. The Pope recognized the rights of San Marino and on February 5, 1740, he restored the country's independence.
Today, San Marino celebrates Liberation Day on February 5 to mark the anniversary of the liberation of San Marino. As part of the celebration, there is a public procession from the city of Borgo Maggiore to the capital city of San Marino proper. In addition, various civic celebrations take place throughout the day.
February 5 in San Marino is also dedicated to Saint Agatha, the "co-patron" of the city. Special services are held on this day. In San Marino, Saint Agatha is second only to Saint Marinus, the legendary stone-mason and philosopher who is said to have founded the original city of San Marino.
Republic of San Marino State Office of Tourism
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Today is Feast Day of Saint Agatha (San Agueda), the patron saint of nurses and one of the most popular and highly venerated martyrs of Christian antiquity.