Feast of Mithra

Mithra, Feast of

January, February, September; first day of Mihr, the seventh Zoroastrian month
This is a lesser feast celebrated on the first day of the seventh month by Zoroastrians, who are followers of the Persian prophet, Zoroaster (also known as Zarathushtra, believed to have lived around 1200 b.c.e.). Because there are only about 100,000 Zororastrians in the world and their communities are often widely separated, they actually use three different calendars: the Fasli, the Shahanshahi, and the Kadmi calendars, which means that their festivals have three different dates according to the Gregorian calendar. The Feast of Mithra coincides with the Autumnal Equinox in the Fasli calendar.
Mithra is an alternate name for the spiritual being Mihr, who is charged with overseeing contracts and fair dealing. Mithra is also responsible for avenging people who have broken contracts or who have not dealt fairly with one another. Some scholars believe that he is the basis for the Roman god by the same name.
Of the modern-day followers of Zoroastrianism, most live in northwestern India (where they are known as Parsis) or Iran. Smaller communities exist in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Canada, the U.S., England, and Australia.
See also Mihragan
RelHolCal-2004, p. 67
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
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(25) On the day of the feast of Mithra it was customary for Persian kings to grace the foreheads of their sons with the crown of gold.