Saint Nicholas

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Related to Feast of Saint Nicholas: Nikolaus, Sankt Nikolaus, St. Nicholas Day

Nicholas, Saint,

patron of children and sailors, of Greece, Sicily, and Russia, and of many other places and persons. Little is known of him, but he is traditionally identified as a 4th-century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. His relics were stolen from Myra in the Middle Ages and taken to Bari, Italy. St. Nicholas is the subject of many legends. He is credited with restoring to life three boys who had been chopped up and pickled in salt by a butcher. Another famous story concerns his giving three bags of gold to the daughters of a poor man and thus saving them from lives of prostitution. Later tradition transformed the bags into three gold balls, which became the symbol of pawnbrokers. In the Netherlands and elsewhere St. Nicholas's feast (Dec. 6) is a children's holiday, appropriate for gifts. The English in colonial New York adopted from the Dutch the now unrecognizable saint, calling him Santa Claus (a contraction of the Dutch Sint Nikolaas). They moved his feast day to the English gift holiday, Christmas. The career and qualities attributed to Santa Claus are all recently acquired.

Bibliography

See biography by C. W. Jones (1978, repr. 1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
As we prepare to celebrate Christ's birth, the feast of Saint Nicholas reminds us of the value of small deeds done for the good of others.
I am grateful to my parents for the gift they gave us those many Decembers ago when they taught us about the feast of Saint Nicholas. This December, my daughters Kate, Martha, and Molly will all place their shoes near their bedroom doors--though at this stage of our family's life, the smallest shoe will be sixth-grade Molly's size 7 Nike.
Events that led to this trial began on a snowy Wednesday night before the Feast of Saint Nicholas (December 6) in 1324.