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chrysanthemum (krĭsănˈthəməm), name for a large number of annual or perennial herbs of the genus Chrysanthemum of the family Asteraceae (aster family), some cultivated in Asia for at least 2,000 years. The chrysanthemum is the floral emblem of the imperial family of Japan; the highest officials are honored by orders of the chrysanthemum. The flower heads are mostly late blooming and of various shades of red, yellow, and white; they range from single daisylike to large rounded or shaggy heads. Chrysanthemums were introduced to England in the late 18th cent., and today innumerable named horticultural types exist. Most are varieties of C. morifolium, a species of indeterminate origin and no longer known in the wild form. Chrysanthemums rank with roses in commercial importance as cut flowers and pot and garden plants. The pyrethrum, feverfew, and daisy belong to the same genus. Pyrethrum is used as an insecticide and feverfew as an herbal remedy for migraine. Chrysanthemum is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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Daisy-like cute flower with stubby short white petals around yellow center. Leaves are most common part used (fresh or dry), but whole plant is edible. Famous for stopping migraine headaches. Helps body release serotonin to feel good. Chew leaves or make tea for migraines, colds, fever, arthritis, regulate menses, relaxes, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, vasodilator. Use in foot bath for sore feet. Sedative properties make it great for relaxing uptight, hysterical, nervous people. Great for relaxing breathing problems and wheezing. Some people may have mild allergic reactions. Do not take while pregnant.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the popular name for numerous herbaceous dicotyledonous plants that were used in folk medicine for treating various female ailments. Most commonly they are various daisies and chamomiles, or matricaria (from the Latin matrix, “uterus”); hence the Russian namzmatochnaia trava, or “uterine grass.” Many species have retained their medicinal importance.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.