Federal War

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Federal War


a civil war in Venezuela.

The Federal War began in February 1859 in the city of Coro, in the state of Falcon, as a revolt by the liberal federalists against the conservatives, who supported a centralist form of government. The war soon spread throughout the country, engendering a movement among the broad peasant masses in support of the liberals. The head of the liberals, E. Zamora, championed social equality and justice and attacked the dominant oligarchy. Also involved in the war were the urban poor, as well as the slaves, who had sought freedom but had not obtained it although slavery had been officially abolished in 1854.

The liberals won several military victories over the conservatives, the largest at Sabana de la Cruz in September 1859 and in Santa Inés in December 1859. In 1860, however, after the violent death of Zamora, a moderate wing rose to prominence among the liberals, and in April 1863 it concluded a treaty with the conservatives.

The Federal War claimed 40,000 lives at a time when the total population of Venezuela was less than 2 million. Although the war did not alter the country’s socioeconomic system, it seriously undermined the position of the traditional oligarchy.


Brito Figueroa, F. Ezequiel Zamora: Un capitulo de la historia nacional. [Caracas, 1951.]
Irazábal, Carlos. Venezuela esclava y feudal. Caracas, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Most people are aware of the curious struggle which arose during the Federal war between the guns and armor of iron-plated ships.
* The federal war on drugs: Regardless of one's opinion on what the proper governmental response should be to individual use of "recreational" narcotics, under our Constitution, the federal government's authority is very limited, extending only to interstate commerce in drugs, interdicting drugs entering the United States, drug use by U.S.
- that would end the federal war on pot in states that have legalized it by amending the Controlled Substances Act to immunize from federal prosecution citizens who are in compliance with state marijuana laws.
Glenn David Brasher argues that these actions not only aided McClellan's forces but also profoundly influenced federal war policy specifically by making a case for emancipation as a military necessity.
The chief speech-reader claims 900 Americans a month "die at the end of a gun"--without telling us how many were suicides, how many, were felons shot by cops while committing crimes, how many died in drug-turf disputes directly attributable to his own beloved federal War on Some Drugs.
More that a decade after the end of a federal war against separatists in Chechnya, militants continue to stage frequent attacks on security forces, police and civilians, in other regions in the area, including Dagestan.
Following the war, he was employed by the Federal War Assets Administration as a supervisor and subsequently by the U.S.
More that a decade after the end of a federal war against separatists in Russia's North Caucasus republic of Chechnya, Russian security forces continue to fight militants in other regions in the area, who stage frequent attacks on security forces, police and civilians.
Although Perry ended 2011 with $3.7 million on hand, it is still unclear how much money Perry's federal war chest has left after his final January push before bowing out on Jan.
Over a decade after the end of a federal war against separatists in neighbouring Chechnya, frequent clashes occur between insurgents and Russian forces in Dagestan.
Beginning with the federal war on poverty in the 1960s, the authors explain how increases in federal power shaped perspectives of education (like other industries such as housing and health care) as a required governmental service.
In the summer of 1942, the federal War Production Board effectively banned the zoot suit, claiming it used too much material.

Full browser ?