federation

(redirected from Federal state)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial.
Related to Federal state: federal government

federation:

see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Federation

 

a state system in which a single sovereign state is composed of several united states, each of which juridically maintains a certain degree of political independence. Historically, the first bourgeois federation was the USA, established by the Constitution of 1787. Other federations include the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, India, Pakistan, Burma, Malaysia, Australia, and Nigeria. The USSR, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic are socialist federations.

A federation is marked by the following features: (1) territorial extent, a federation is coextensive with the area occupied by its individual members—its states, cantons, Lander, union republics, or other territorial units; (2) the member states of a federation usually have the right to adopt their own constitution; (3) the limits between federal and state jurisdiction are set forth in the federal constitution; (4) each member state of a federation has its own laws and judicial system; and (5) in most federations, a person is simultaneously a citizen of the union and a citizen of one of its united states. Some federations have a bicameral system in which one chamber represents the interests of the federation’s member states.

Socialist federations, which differ radically from bourgeois federations, are based on another principle entirely. In the USSR and in the socialist countries, for the first time in history the state system of federation has become the basis for resolving the national question. The socialist federations are based on the principle of national territoriality and the voluntary union of the sovereign and equal members of the federation, each member having the right to secede from the federation. The development and organization of national states have been influenced by the historical experience of the socialist countries, and particularly of the USSR; this influence is evident in some countries, such as Burma and India, that were freed from colonial dependence and that formed a type of federation consistent with their national makeup.

federation

1. the union of several provinces, states, etc., to form a federal union
2. a political unit formed in such a way
3. any league, alliance, or confederacy
www.nga.gov.au/federation
References in periodicals archive ?
The revenue shares of the Federal States and the LGUs (local government units) would increase.
Mindanao will have three Federal States: Federal State of Northern Mindanao covering regions IX, X and XII; Federal State of Southern Mindanao covering regions XI, XII and XIII (Caraga); and the Federal State of Bangsamoro.
Pimentel said the Bangsamoro Federal State is vital to the nation in that the secessionist movements of the various Moro groups started in the Spanish era.
The suggested solution: Federalize the country and convert the present Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao into a Bangsamoro Federal State,'' he explained.
He also pointed out the need to clearly define the IP cultures and traditions that need to be protected and respected as well as how these should be respected in the provision of the law wherever federal state they are into.
disclosed that along with other Cordillera lawmakers, they decided to continue to pursuit for regional autonomy rather than the proposed federalism in which CAR will join Regions 1 and 2 into a federal state.
As to the sharing of government revenues under the federal setup, it is suggested that all incomes of the central government, not only the funds derived from the collections of the Bureau of Internal Revenue-which the LGC mandates -would be divided between the central federal government and the federal states pursuant to a formula of 80-20 percent in favor of the federal states.
Why the bias for the federal states and their LGUs in this regard?
It is also suggested that instead of the LGUs' share being remitted to them by the central government, as is the practice today, under a federal setup it is the federal states that would send the share of the national federal government in the income derived from their respective jurisdictions.
investment in the new federal states has not been particurly strong.
First, the economies of the new federal states are soft.
This year we anticipated growth rates of up to 10 percent in the new federal states.

Full browser ?