Federalists


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Federalists

 

the members of the Federalist Party, a political party that flourished in the USA between the early 1790’s and 1816. The Federalists, who represented the interests of the wealthy commercial bourgeoisie and a segment of the slavehold-ing plantation owners, advocated the strengthening of the federal government. They held power from 1789 to 1801, during which time they introduced a protectionist tariff (1789) and created a national bank (1791).

Fears that the ideas of the French Revolution might spread to the USA led the Federalists to orient their foreign policy toward the British monarchy, with which the United States signed the humiliating Jay’s Treaty of 1794. In 1798 the Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which curtailed democratic freedoms. As a result of this legislation and their party’s tax policy, the Federalists suffered a decline in influence and were defeated in the elections of 1800. Finding themselves in the opposition, the Federalists in 1804 organized a plot to partition the United States. During the War of 1812, they sought to separate the states of New England from the rest of the country.

References in periodicals archive ?
Whatever their motivations, Federalists injected a number of antislavery arguments into the national political discourse, from which they could be appropriated and elaborated by later antislavery activists.
First, on the basis of their reading of history and their assessment of the European powers' interests in the new world, Federalists perceived a danger to the American colonies the Anti-Federalist did not.
Jefferson's bitterness towards the judiciary lay in the quite plausible belief that Federalist jurists had vigorously enforced the Sedition Act of 1798 in order to stifle Republican newspapers and keep him from winning the presidency.
(21.) See, e.g., Thomas Jefferson to Albert Gallatin (June 6, 1817), in WTJ, supra note 20, at 70, 71-72 (saying that the tenet that Congress has only the power to provide for enumerated powers, and not for the general welfare," is almost the only landmark which now divides the federalists from the republicans").
Nation-wide, the direct tax issue separated Anti-Federalists from Federalists absolutely: no Anti-Federalist could concede the direct tax to the federal government, and no Federalist could let go of it.
On one occasion, Jefferson showed prominent Federalist Alexander Hamilton the busts of three men who, in his estimation, best represented his political principles.
Sentence structure becomes a vehicle to encode Federalist ambitions and initiatives and to respond to the pervasive negativity of his opponents with a persuasive formal subtlety.
Additionally, they interviewed the head of the major federalist opposition party (Preston Manning [Reform]), the Canadian ambassador in Washington (Raymond Chretien-the prime minister's nephew but also a professional career diplomat), the leader of the second separatist party (Mario Dumont), and several minor players whose positions appeared bureaucratically important but whose roles were secondary/tertiary.
The goal of American govern-ment--at least according to the Federalist authors of the Constitution--is not to enact the spur-of-the-moment popular will, even if widely held, but rather to restrain and delay that impulse so that there is time to reflect on and consider its worth.
escalating their demands for greater federal power, Federalists framed
The system was overturned by the Gaddafi regime and federalists claim the east, which was the cradle of the revolution on February 17 last year that overthrew the former dictator, was neglected under his rule.
Despite this focus on the contest in the House of Representatives between the two Republican candidates, which is reflected in the book's subtitle, Sharp advances a thesis that the election was uniquely bitter and divisive because each of the two major parries--the Federalists and the Republicans--"was organized around the belief that it, and it alone, was the interpreter and translator of the wishes of the fictive sovereign people" (p.